Employability is also an issue. According to the Planning Commission, at the end of the plan 37% of population was below poverty line. The Seventh Five Year Plan India was for the duration between 1985 and 1989 under the approval of the National Development Council in India. It is mainly focused on health. The 7th Plan had strived towards socialism and energy production at large. However, use of chemical fertilizer, better seeds, irrigation and improved methods of cultivation has increased productivity per hectare and per worker many times. Third Five-Year Plan 1961-66 : The objective of the Third Five-Year Plan was to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains and to increase the agricultural production to meet the needs of industry and export- The plan accorded higher priority 20.
Objective of the Five Year Plan The objective of the 7th Five Year Plan was to generate more scope of employment for the people of India, to produce more in terms of food which would lead to an overall increase in productivity. The production of food grains which has 510 lakh tonnes in 1950-51 increased to 1804 lakh tonnes in 1990-91 and further to 212. During this Fifth Plan, the production of food grains increased substantially i. In 1950-51, the rate of capital formation was 11. In the first five year plan employment opportunities to 70 lakh people were provided. Thus, agriculture production during planning period has increased. The production of food grains increased from 54 million tones in 1950-51 to 65.
. Social Services: Social services, like, education, health and medical facilities, I family planning and the like have also expanded considerably. We are no longer dependent on other countries for the supply of food grains and a number of agricultural crops. India's development in every sector takes place through the five year plans which are laid out by the Planning Commission. Job opportunities in agriculture and industry are to be increased and thus the pace of development is likely to be accelerated to deal effectively with the persistent problems of destitution, poverty and unemployment. The rate of employment was anticipated to rise by 4% every year and the labor force was anticipated to grow by 39 million at the end of fifth year. During this Plan, an inflationary situation started in the economy.
In Fifth Plan, it was 2. Development of Science and Technology: In the era of planning, India has made much progress in the field of science and technology. In 1990-91, the total length of roads increased to 1024. It was the beginning of privatization and liberalization in India. From 1980-81 to 2000-01, it increased to 5. The main achievements of Indian Plans are as under: 1.
Second Five-Year Plan 1956-61 : In the second plan, emphasis was shifted from agriculture to industry and only about 21 per cent of the actual plan expenditure was spent for agricultural development. The target growth rate was 5. How can we create an efficient and widespread multi-modal transport network. Due to implementation of H. The production of finished steel increased to 31. How do we make our cities more liveable? Employment: During the planning period, many steps have been taken to increase the employment opportunities in the country. The National Highways were all built during this time.
Agriculture: The government undertook to increase productivity of oilseeds, fruits, vegetables, pulses, cereals, fish, egg, meat, and milk. During this time the Prime Minister was Rajiv Gandhi and hence industrial development was the emphasis of this plan. Transport and Communication System The transport and communication system also improved under this Plan. Objectives of the Sixth Five Year Plan India: The objectives of the Sixth Five Year Plan India were mainly focused on increasing industrialization and reducing long-standing problems such as poverty and unemployment. I think somewhere between 8 and 8. To develop an inclusive and participative approach to this process, the Planning Commission has decided that the Approach Paper will be evolved this time through a web based consultative process in which all interested persons can participate.
Accelerated Development of Transport Infrastructure Our inadequate transport infrastructure results in lower efficiency and productivity; higher transaction costs; and insufficient access to our large national market. The Fifth Plan accorded priority for the spread of H. The 5th Five Year PlanThe 5th Five Year Plan commenced on 1974 and extended till 1979. What can we do today to ensure that smaller cities and towns are not similarly overwhelmed tomorrow? Objectives: i To eliminate unemployment and underemployment. Increase in Per Capita Income: Before independence, increase in per capita income was almost zero. Rural Transformation and Sustained Growth of Agriculture Rural India suffers from poor infrastructure and inadequate amenities. One of the major hindrances in the way of further development in this period was the boom in the Indian population.
At the same time, many sectors face manpower shortages. This helped in the betterment of the traffic system in India. Funds have been provided in the budgets of the States for the drinking water supply right from the commencement of the first Five Year Plan. However, access, affordability, and quality remain serious concerns. He indicated the need for better export performance.