Wade, extended these principles of privacy. Marchers arrested for violating a state statute that required a license to parade on public grounds. Visit the and pages for more resources and details. This is a 100% free resource for students who are preparing for upcoming tests in their U. Legalized segregation with regard to private property.
The Supreme Court held that the benefits that a community accrues from economic growth, including job creation, increased tax revenues, etc. Irene Morgan was ordered to sit in the back of the bus. Nixon was a 1974 decision that resulted in an 8—0 ruling against President Richard Nixon. The police received a tip that Moore had been driving with a suspended license. Congress cannot declare discrimination illegal.
Declared state-passed Granger laws that regulated interstate commerce unconstitutional. Also, the President cannot require the states to obey the treaty when such is a congressional power. Board of Education was a unanimous ruling issued in 1954. The Court ruled that the Boy Scouts of America could dismiss a troop leader after learning he was gay, holding that the right to freedom of association outweighed a New Jersey anti - discrimination statute. The Court held that no person is above the law and that executive privilege cannot be used to withhold evidence that is demonstrably relevant in a criminal trial. Ambiguous ruling by a badly divided court that dealt with affirmative action programs that used race as a basis of selecting participants.
The test prep material covered on our site is ideal for students who are taking any middle school, high school, or college level introductory government course. Result: The state statute was upheld, reasoning that women were still the center of the home and could be exempt from such distractions. According to the Homosexual Conduct law, the two men were placed under arrest for engaging in homosexual relations. A single decision on a group of cases with similar legal problems. Rejecting an appeal by Pres.
Government and Politics course and exam for the 2018-19 school year and beyond. Result: Such a recount is unconstitutional because there is no standard set in the Constitution to do such nor does the state of Florida have the right to set up a new election law. Gideon was charged with breaking and entering in Florida and could not afford an attorney. Extends to the defendant the right of counsel in all state and federal criminal trials regardless of their ability to pay. Government and Politics course is organized around five units, which focus on major topics in U. Wade decision, the Court ruled 7—2 that abortion is a fundamental right under the United States Constitution. The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War 2.
Policemen monitored drug dealings at a home and deduced from the cars going to and from the house that this was true. Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies. Result: School officials can prohibit students from promoting the use of drugs and does not violate the student's 1st A rights. A decision was not reached about whether Morse was immune to being sued, being a school official. Regents of the University of California v. The Village of Stratton requires that anyone wishing to advocate religious material on private property must get a permit to do so or be arrested for misdemeanor.
You may get questions directly about an amendment or an indirect question that refers to an amendment. These cases involve individual rights, criminal law, federalism, first amendment rights, and more. When her parents wished to take her off of life support, the state prevented them from doing so without court approval. Result: Congress may only restrain state action due to the 14th amendment. Result: Gun possession does not have a significant economic effect on interstate commerce and therefore the law is unconstitutional. Does the 14th A apply to golf tournaments? This is too broad a reading of the commerce power.
Ohio was decided in 1961 in a 6—3 ruling. Study constitutional underpinnings, civil liberties and civil rights, political culture and socialization, citizen participation and influence, political institutions and policy making that are the foundation of modern U. Result: While individuals may refuse medical treatment, one may not refuse for another on the basis of bad judgment. Log in and click Secure Documents in the Resources section of your Course Status page. Must be secular legislative purpose. This ruling overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which had restricted slavery to certain U. A law in New Jersey stated that a citizen cannot be excluded from public accommodations based on sexual orientation or race.
The Court held that the promotion of a religion violates the First Amendment, even if the promotion is not coercive. Griswold gave counsel to marital couples that wished to use birth control that was apparently against a Connecticut statute. The state's policy was to issue him a citation and have him appear in court. Government and Politics course and exam for 2018-19. Accordingly, this individual mandate was held to be a constitutional exercise of Congress's power to tax. In the unanimous 1878 Reynolds v.
The Court upheld Congress's power to enact most provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. The result is a clear and balanced approach to the teaching of American government and politics, and an improved course and exam that will benefit teachers and their students. Later decisions by the Court, including Roe v. Result: Feiner's arrest was constitutional because of the clear and present danger principle. United States was a case concerning the enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I.