. Land survey is measuring the distance and angles between different points on the earth surface. The application layer exposes specific components as a service. His papers have been published in several reputed national and international journals. To avoid the side-effect of big load put into service, the consumer electric service application information has been considered. Most of the applications are based on an unbalanced load-flow or on a short circuit model of the power system. Presently this task is carried out manually resulting in an overdesigned, costly, and nonstandardized solution.
The major objective of a utility is to supply demand for power with a good quality of service, through proper planning of the system. It is evident from the finding that asset management, load shedding technique, can easily be managed with the use of geospatial technique. This information has been often used for river crossing site selection for bridges. Any variation either excess or lack has a direct impact on the tea yield. It helps in site selection, suitability analysis, and for finding the right sites to locate new business and grow existing ones. It will also be used to make electrical assets databases, mapping consumers to their local power supplies. The results provide accurate measurements, which helps in several field where geological map is required.
The proposed algorithms of calculation of the routes for laying cables take into consideration topological, technical and economic features of the cabling. Transmission line routing is one of the most important strategic decision-making problems for both private and public sectors. Knowing the population at risk enables planners to determine where to allocate and locate resources more effectively. Many human activities produce potential adverse environmental effects which include the construction and operation of highways, rail roads, pipelines, airports, radioactive waste disposal and more. Furthermore, the efficacy of the proposed method is validated through a Monte Carlo simulation to incorporate the stochastic random nature of fault occurrence in a real-time transmission line. Stakeholder communication and consultation can be incorporated at each stage in order to inform routes and explore trade-offs, as well as communicate routing rationale in an open, constructive and meaningful way. Based on the theory of network flow, a new multi-period optimal selecting algorithm of substation is proposed, which could determine the reasonable location, capacity and time that are put into the running of the substation.
Himachal Pradesh, Development Report 28. Required some hydraulic design to solve this problem such as design of drains, checking the adequacy of the river and classification of water logged areas etc. In India, the power submission department continuously wishes to update their consumer data and the related electric asset features. So it has become more market driven and market responsive. Provide reliable and quality power supply to all consumers at affordable price 2.
It is used for the identification and classification of soil. It was found that most of the errors in existing models can be automatically corrected by the proposed methodologies. Power system networks are the largest and most complex systems ever devised by human being. Substation automation of electric power distribution system is an important step to implement the Smart Grid technology. Pipelines are continually monitored, check for leak detection and avoid the problem of geo hazards.
This paper presents new procedures and algorithms that exploit the Graph theory and data structure properties to efficiently detect and correct errors in models of radial secondary systems. The smart grid aims to improve the quality and reliability of power at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. This allows the utility to use renewables to potentially lower peak demand it needs to provide for. The indexed consumers are mapped to their respective source of supply. Operations and maintenance staff can deploy enterprise and mobile workforce. Trajectories of received laying cables are considered as optimal ones from the point of view of technical and economic criteria.
The foremost technical challenge is to effect a seamless integration of the entire business processes - both the new systems and current legacy systems, unless the utility chooses to discard the latter altogether. The paper presents a spatial load forecasting method based on feeder. It becomes easy for surveyors to create 3D maps of any area with precise and desired scaling. By identifying the accident locations, remedial measures can be planned by the district administrations to minimize the accidents in different parts of the world. So these systems are not only for creating maps but also most importantly the collection of information about the geographic features such as building, roads, pipes, streams, ponds and many more that are located in your community. Foresters can easily monitor forest condition.
Ferry paths and shipping routes are identified for the better routing. Real estate and property managers can see and make queries about space including its availability, size and special constraints for the most cost effective use. The data required to understand the impact of mining from the environment is coming from different discipline, which need integration in order to arrive hazard map zonation. Soil map is widely used by the farmers in developed countries to retain soil nutrients and earn maximum yield. Integration Capability - The application architecture should provide standards-based integration, without the need for proprietary programming tools. It can be used throughout the life cycle of a facility from deciding where to build to space planning. Land acquisition managements is being used for the past 3 or 4 years only.
It needs to be properly and efficiently managed for the proper utilization of water. The main components of a geoinformation service are shown. It can be used to monitor the environment and analyze changes. This technology allows telecom to enhance a variety of application like engineering application, customer relationship management and location based services. The main definitions of a geoinformation service based on service, geoinformatics, spatial positioning, space monitoring are given. Integration of these details to coastal zone mapping helps to identify the area prone to coastal erosion and we can plant more vegetation to reduce coastal erosion. Energy Audit and Network Analysis Energy audit has always been high on the priority among all utility applications.
It is used to maximize the government income. The focus of this paper is to introduce a new protection system for double bus and to familiarize with substation automation to Bangladesh where the power system is very detailed, complex and quite aged. The electronic platform map must display the essential attractions like Roads, Rivers etc. Because of environmental issues and shortage of fossil fuels, the policy makers throughout the world have been forcing power system industries to integrate renewable energy sources to the networks. An electric distribution utility uses a network of physical facilities to provide electric power and energy to customers connected to those facilities throughout a geographical area. Each client is allotted an alphanumerical code that would exclusively recognize the Department, Community, Substation, Bird birdfeeder, Fill category and eventually the Submission Transformer to which the client is linked.