Each year the names of all citizens over 30 were collected, and 500 of them were chosen to be in the Council of 500. Sparta and Athens were both very powerful city- states Sparta and Athens also gave more benefits and rights to upper-class citizens. This would eventually lead Sparta to attack and conquer Athens. Put the answers in the blanks. While Sparta had a more republic type of government, Athens had a democratic government. Sparta relied on agriculture and used their military might to conquer other cities. Athenians were notable intellectuals, and so they spent a lot of time developing and improving techniques on farming and food production.
They did all the shopping. Sparta's non-citizens were called perioikoi. Sparta was a more militaristic society that concentrated on discipline and military service. As a result of this discrepancy in forms of government, the cultural aspects and of the two cities were also highly contrasting. There was a drastic difference in the cultures of the two cities. Life in Sparta may have been rough, but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity, straight forwardness, and fanatical dedication.
They also had Draconian laws which were pretty tough laws and sometimes unfair. It was also customary to expel from the country any speaker Sparta Vs Athens Sparta and Athens — Explain and Contrast Both Sparta and Athens were Greek city-states. Perhaps rough, but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity, straight forwardness, and fanatical dedication. Secondly were the neighbors who worked in commerce and industry. Athens and Sparta either were fighting and causing wars between each other or just neutral to each other. While trade was a necessity in Athens, there was a law in Sparta that banned all foreign trade and foreign traveling.
Physical training helped prepare them for having healthy children. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. All men over the age of 18 were were born in Athens were citizens - women and slaves were not allowed to be citizens. All of their goods were made by slaves, and these slaves had few rights. The city-state and its surrounding territory were located on the Peloponnese, a peninsula located southwest of Athens. Both girls and boys were taught reading, writing, literature and mathematics, as well as wrestling, fighting and how to defend themselves.
The non-Athenians, or metics, worked as merchants or artisans. At the age of 30 a Spartan was entitled to vote and would be allowed to stay at home. I am not including any videos for this assignment, but you are more than welcome to view YouTube videos on Athens and Sparta! Note: Some may be found in both. EducationWhich valued choral dance and music? The 2 kings had no real political power. In Sparta the military professionals were the only ones who had the right to vote; in Athens, the aristocrats were wealthy landowners who were also military leaders. The combination of this philosophy, the education of Spartan males, and the discipline of their army gave the Spartans the stability needed to survive in Ancient Greece.
And the proof was found in two of the most prominent cities in history—Sparta and Athens. Since most of the population was of a lower economic class, the time taken away from their normal work by serving on the Assembly lowered their earning potential , causing their already poor situation to worsen. Every man in the army fought with a great deal of passion for his country. They were permitted to choose their language and customs, keep their homes, and even buy and sell land. In case of an attack, they used these mountains for their defense and relied completely on their army. They were only allowed to leave the house to attend certain religious festivals.
In comparison, Athens emphasis in their city-state was education and the arts. Which had the strongest army on land? Sparta was surrounded by mountains. The Assembly met on a hill every 10 days. Every male that was capable was required to go through a life of training. There are so many issues with Ancient Athens it would be impossible to cover them in an entire week.
Athens forced a strong education on boys while Sparta gave more education to girls while allowing the men to train for the army, which happened to be the strongest army on land at the time. The kings of Sparta were not all powerful, and could be overruled by the ephors. There was a law in Sparta that banned all foreign trade and foreign travelling. The people also elected five ephors on an annual basis, as well as a senate. They had all around education which meant everyone was entitled to education not just the rich. Athenians and their army were limited to the ocean or other waters because they had a large navy, and little land force, making battles against land-based city-states harder. So, they set out conquering states that had enough food supplies, and in return the conquered land would get protection from invading armies.
Sparta and Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women. It was controlled by an oligarchy in which the power was held by a group of five men called ephors. People like Plato, Socrates and Xenophon admired the city of Sparta and their education, and why would philosophers admire a city in which there was no intellectual training. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. . Right from birth, boys were groomed to become soldiers who comprise the strength of the city.
In addition, the cultures treated their women much differently, with Spartan women prohibited from wearing makeup or jewelry, and expected to keep themselves in top physical condition. There were many city-states in Ancient Greece. Athens became known for their architecture and infrastructure while Sparta focused their resources on military training. The Council prepared laws for the Assembly to vote on, and it had the power to stop any laws passed by the Assembly that the council members did not like. This system was restrictive though; voting was limited only to male Spartans with full citizenship meaning they were active in military service and abided by daily customs and rituals attributed to this rank , and excluded others from within the demos Perioeci, Helots, etc. For that specific time period the oligarchy government in Sparta was better for the Ancient Greeks than the democratic government in Athens. By the age of seven, boys started training to be warriors.