The figures of internal migration with national territory have greater than international migration. Some experts argue that urban environment provides better employment and income opportunity, and the provision of services such as electricity, piped water supply and public services make urban areas attractive. Shortage of basic amenities: As more people migrate into urban areas, the existing facilities, such as hospitals and schools, may become overutilized. The severity of perceived loneliness was higher in females, institution based and depressed older people. Lastly, there maybe an increase in the spread of diseases from urban to rural areas. This should not just be the number of school built but also the quality of teachers, the resources in the school like library, playing field, serene environment and even better structure of the school as far as building is concerned. Overcrowding leads to issues such as higher rents, traffic and pressure on resources such as schools and medical centers.
I lived there for about 2 years and also worked in the same area its a very easy to get around without a car and plenty of entertainment. Many of the jobs available in rural areas are agricultural based. People migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of better employment opportunities, education and better living conditions. Conclusion Not only rural people but people in general are attracted to urban areas because they think that urban areas have better and greater opportunities than rural. If these economic and social opportunities are shared equally between the rural and the urban areas, which will lead to proper balance between the two, it will help to curb the problem of urban unemployment and underdevelopment caused by rural-urban migration problems. In the absence of popular democracy, political security, and rule of law, people may feel insecure. Migration has open the door for the expansion of unwanted sexual activities for the payment particularly on the side of women, ways of street livings, and curable and incurables diseases Adepoju, 1995.
He also received Young Geographer Award for the best paper presentation in two seminars. War, famine and natural disaster are also reasons for rural to urban migration in some countries. Rural-urban migration is most prevalent in developing countries. The result will be a rejuvenation of the population structure of the urban area at destination because the migrants are younger than the resident population. In the traditional rural economy, the scheduled caste people were destined to carry out agricultural labour work.
Bill filed to compel medical grads to practice in rural areas. In general, increasing urban population has also brought increasing problems in urban areas. This engagement fosters rural economies and advances economic development Siddqui, 2012. This point goes a long way in increasing infectious diseases and other related sickness. Some of the limitation of the study were : shortage of time, restricted geographical coverage, limitation of variables in extant, number or scope and exclusion of newly arrived migrants; those who live in the study town only for one year hence they may further leave the town or go back to the departure places. A university graduate, for example, is going to find it very difficult staying in a rural area because there will be very few opportunities for him — especially when it comes to getting a good and well-paying job. But then they leave behind the very old and the very young, causing further problems in rural development as the young, skilled adults are missing.
From deciding what to wear in the morning to what you should eat for dinner the idea of how. Most people living in rural areas are women and children who practices subsistence farming. They may leave their current jobs in hope of finding higher paying ones as there are many more opportunities for employment to chose from in the city. Main reason for migration shows variation between men and women. If migration takes place too quickly or unexpectedly, the planning necessary to accommodate growth will not be in place. It was revealed that migration among the low income group is mainly because of poverty and search of better employment. Since both the factors, push and pull, determine who, why, where and to what extent migrates, it is debatable whether push factors are more important or the pull factors.
By finding the economic reasons as the main cause for migration, the study analyzed the discrimination between the two groups such as those migrated for economic reasons and for non- economic reasons. This community tends to be filthy all the time and not worth staying in. The school should be of the same standard as the ones in the urban centres; a building and not just a structure. The success of this Bank's loan projects is well documented. This triggers their movement from rural to urban for search of better opportunities. But in comparison to European migration and urbanization processes as we know them the developments in developing countries are of a whole different dimension. The effects of this internal immigration are surprising, though.
Rural-urban migration is prevalent in developing countries with its degree varying from country to country. As a result of this, many end up living in very deplorable conditions in slums and on the streets of the cities never finding the gold they hoped to find. While European cities had been able to at least offer enough jobs to incoming migrants many cities in Africa, Latin America or Asia face severe problems like unemployment, poverty, pollution or crime. Migration increases in volume as industries and commerce develop and transport improve, 9. Although actual data is scanty, it is believed that Wolaita Soddo town received a large migrant population each year.
Based on data for 52 large cities in India, this article finds that higher urban economic growth is associated with an increase in the growth rate of urban inequality, a reduction in the growth rate of urban poverty and a lower level of overall inclusive growth of a city, that is, urban economic growth is not inclusive. For your research project both under-graduate and post-graduate , term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson — 0703 022 8325. Data Type and Source 3. In so many developing countries, for example, majority of the best schools are found in the urban areas. This evolution is related to environmental governance in terms of practice with a broader context of sustainable development which was initially associated with developed countries and later by developing countries.