Aunt Alexandria was then trying to get Atticus to fire Calpurnia and Atticus refused and said that Calpurnia is a member of this family and that she would work there as long as she wanted. Atticus asks for more details about the struggle, then he asks many questions which Mayella doesn't answer: Why didn't the other children hear her screaming? The Finch family is all white, but Jem considers that during Biblical times, it is possible some of their ancestors came from Africa. Jem feels reassured knowing where his father is, but as they are about to head home, four old cars come into town. The Finch family and Dill head home. Scout and Dill decided to forgive Jem mainly because Dill had to sleep in the same room as him.
Radley, and Scout plays Mrs. For the children at this point in the story, bravery means nothing more than accepting a dare to touch the Radley house. The Cunninghams must keep the farm running in order to survive, and because the school system does not make any accommodations for farm children, there is a self-perpetuating societal cycle for farm families to remain uneducated and ignorant. Cunningham to say hello to his son shows how truly unaware of the situation she is. When they return home, their Aunt Alexandra is waiting for them, which isn't a pleasant surprise. Her character serves as the bridge between two worlds, and the reader develops a sense of her double life, which is split between the Finch household and the black community.
The boys want to try a back window instead, despite Scout's pleas to leave. Scout loses Jem as a regular playmate, causing her to fume. Moreover, Aunt Alexandra tries to make Atticus fire Calpurnia, but he refuses on the grounds that she's done an excellent job of running the house and raising the children, and the children love her. Scout wonders out loud why Mr. Though the other boys were sent to industrial school for punishment, and ironically received excellent educations, Arthur Radley's family preferred to keep him hidden inside the home. Ewell is allowed to hunt out of season because he is known to be an alcoholic who spends his relief money on whiskey - if he can't hunt, his children may not eat. Jem and Scout watch from inside.
Aunt Alexandra believes the Finch name to be a proud one, and she wants Jem and Scout to believe the same. Ewell claims that he heard Mayella screaming when he was coming in from the woods with kindling, and that he ran to the house to find Tom Robinson having sexual intercourse with her. Once her got to the house he hid under the bed for hours. Atticus asks her to understand the situation from Miss Caroline's point of view - Miss Caroline can't be expected to know what to do with her students when she doesn't know anything about them yet. When Tom Robinson walked by, she asked him to do it for a nickel. The children stay a safe distance away so Atticus won't notice them. Chapter 18 It is now Mayella's turn to be a witness.
Why is Scout mad at Jem? They have some fun, and eat dinner But then his mother calls him home. From the children's point-of-view, their most compelling neighbor is Boo Radley, a recluse whom none of them has ever seen. Scout tries to persuade him that it would be better to get whipped by Atticus than to be shot and killed by Mr. Atticus:He comprehends that racism is bad and because of that he treats everybody the same and is brave enough to defend Tom Robinson in court. At lunchtime, Miss Caroline asks everyone who isn't going home for lunch to show her their lunch pails. Newcomers arrived rarely, and when a new person married a Maycomb family, the new genes were noticeable.
. However, Jem can remember his mother and Scout notices that he is occasionally nostalgic about her. The court rests for ten minutes, but no one leaves the courthouse Analysis Aunt Alexandra's views typify the general consensus of traditional assumptions held by the Maycomb community. In Chapter 4, we see that the schools have attempted to teach children how to behave in groups and how to be upstanding citizens, but Scout notes that her father and Jem learned these traits without the kind of schooling she is getting. Then Scout receives word that Dill is staying in Meridian this summer, and Atticus is called to an emergency session of the legislature.
What did Scout tells Mr. Ewell, asking whether a doctor was called, and Mr. Dolphus Raymond drinking liquor from a paper bag and sitting with the black people. It is indeed a confusing time for Scout. He has been unhappy with his life and the lack of attention his parents have been giving him, so he took himself on the train to Maycomb.
Glossary Shadrach Bible one of the three captives who came out of the fiery furnace miraculously unharmed: Dan. She fails to recognize that issues of race are at play. This chapter builds the trial's suspense quite significantly, as the reader begins to understand Atticus's situation. The chapter introduces the Ewell family, who will figure heavily into the latter part of the book. In the corner of the yard there are some geraniums planted in slop jars by Mayella, which appear to be the most cared for living things on the property. The novel takes begins during the summer. All the other children in the class understand this: growing up in this setting teaches children that people can behave a certain way simply because of the family or group that they come from.
He and Scout get into a fist fight, which Atticus breaks up, saying that Scout doesn't have to obey Jem unless he can make her do so. Of course, Scout considers Calpurnia to be a sufficient feminine influence. When Scout goes to her room, she sees something under her bed. In the packed courthouse, the children have trouble getting seats until helps them find seats upstairs in the balcony where the black people sit. Where does Dill stay the night? Instead, she simply answers their questions, and lets them figure out the rest.