Atticus asks for more details about the struggle, then he asks many questions which Mayella doesn't answer: Why didn't the other children hear her screaming? Atticus is against this sight. Even her aunt's constant pestering is a sign of her care for Scout, which is much better than the ambivalence that Dill experienced. Worksheet will open in a new window. Atticus treats both the sheriff and Ewell with respect, and carefully asks questions that poke holes in the Ewells' claims. Trying to be cordial, she innocently begins to talk to Mr.
The visit to the church brings Calpurnia to center stage in the novel. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print icon to worksheet to print or download. Quote 1 Quote 1 Explanation Quote 1 Picture Quote 2 Quote 2 Explanation Quote 2 Picture It's a Mockingbird. In the packed courthouse, the children have trouble getting seats until helps them find seats upstairs in the balcony where the black people sit. Aunt Alexandra is a very polite, calm, and a well-put-together individual.
Chapter 16 Scout cries that night and Jem consoles her. Then Dill suggests that they have a baby together, and even though he knows how babies are made, he makes up a long dreamy story about a magic island where babies are collected like flowers. Atticus's light illuminates the night, just as he strives to teach his community the truth and expose their unfairness. She is very distraught and cries in the witness stand, saying that she is afraid of Atticus. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing.
In her cross-examination, we learn Mayella is nineteen and her family receives relief checks, but there isn't enough food to go around; her father seems to be a drunkard. She has a strong idea of what Finch women should be like, based upon years of family tradition, and tries to impose this onto Scout. For instance, he first determined exactly what injuries Mayella suffered, and then manipulates Ewell into revealing that he is left-handed, and that a left-handed man most likely beat Mayella, causing bruising on the right side of her face. Dill's story about his experiences with his parents show Scout how much she has to be grateful for. .
Cunningham wanted to hurt Atticus when he usually is Atticus's friend. Newcomers arrived rarely, and when a new person married a Maycomb family, the new genes were noticeable. It takes a woman to do that kind of work. Atticus tried to explain to them how they should behave being from a family of gentle breeding, and as he talked, he fidgeted uncomfortably and cleared his throat. In this way, Scout is also a victim of this old-fashioned system for judging individuals, and as Aunt Alexandra tries to mold her into the image of Southern femininity, she gets a clear taste of what it is like to be held up to a stereotyped identity rather than being allowed to simply be herself.
Atticus questions Mayella, but first asks her some background questions to show the jury what kind of family she comes from. Ewell says that he does. This chapter builds the trial's suspense quite significantly, as the reader begins to understand Atticus's situation. According to Aunt Alexandra's way of thinking, dishonesty and inferiority are traits somehow genetically endemic to the entire race. As he had talked, he had realized the ludicrous request Alexandra had made on him and his children and told them to ignore what he'd said. Ewell, asking whether a doctor was called, and Mr. Jem is concerned that the men outside mean Atticus harm, but Atticus assures him later that those men are his friends and are not part of a gang or the Ku Klux Klan, whom Atticus claims is gone and will never come back.
Summary of Chapter 13 Aunt Alexandra notifies them that she has come to stay with them. Ewell's manner is of one who is beyond the law. He refuses to allow Jem and Scout to come. Suddenly Scout runs out into the circle, but is taken aback when she realizes that these men are strangers to her. Underwood from the town newspaper is there, and he almost never attends church. Ewell is surly and crass in the witness chair, but the judge, who clearly does not respect the man, manages to keep everything orderly. This has made her well liked and popular within the community.
In order to expand her social circle, she set up a missionary circle and joined and became Secretary of the Maycomb Amanuensis Club. Alexandra is extremely proud of the Finches and spends much of her time discussing the characteristics of the various families in Maycomb. However, she insists that he never lays a hand on her or beats her. In Chapter 15, Atticus's stance at the door of the jail is symbolic of his role throughout the book. With his high morals, Atticus will not lower himself to the violent measures used by others, even for his own self-defense. Jem overhears Aunt Alexandra warning Atticus that he is bringing disgrace to the family name.