Systems development is not an art; it is an engineering discipline that can be learned and used. Downsizing information systems is more than an attempt to use cheaper workstation technologies to replace existing mainframes and minicomputers in use. Quality, cost, product differentiation, and service are the new marketing priorities. The Human Side of the New Technology. The rightsizing Generally we can distinguish two main streams of the Rightsizing process: the downsizing and upsizing processes. How is this transparency accomplished? Remote presentation, when the presentation is fully disconnected from the application logic. Everybody but government workers think this is a good idea and politicians frequently make this one of their campaign priorities and then do little because it is so politically difficult.
. Organizationstoday expect to get more value from their investments in technology. They want data and they want to be partners in fashioning the information architecture of our campuses for tomorrow. This feature is especially valuable when adopting proven, newtechnology or if it makes business sense to move data closer to its owner. TrademarksAll terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service marks have beenappropriately capitalized.
. Yet once information is computerized, it becomes a deceptively uniform sequence of ones and zeros. Every home and office has ready access to these services; thus, they are usedwithout thoughtin the normal course of living and working. It acts as a bridge for passing mainframe data to non-mainframe users who are accustomed to the touch and feel of personal computers. Changes in platform and underlying technology should be transparent to the user. .
Standards for user interface, data access, and interprocess communications have been defined for the personal computer and are being adopted by a majority of the vendor community. . No part of this book shall be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmittedby any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permissionfrom the publisher. . . Mario Reda Table of Contents Chapter 1.
Developers will need sufficient knowledge of the syntax used to solve the business problem, but willneed little or no knowledge of the underlying technology infrastructure. With the high rate of introduction of products, it iscertain that organizations will have to deal with multiple vendors. . During the 25 years he has been involved in thecomputer industry, Smith also has worked as manager of technical support and as a lecturer in computerscience at a major university. The use of workflow-management technology andtechniques, in conjunction with imaging technology, is an effective way of handling this process whenforms are filled out by a person who is physically remote from the organization.
By changing their business strategy, companies can find ways… 854 Words 4 Pages Effects of Downsizing The impact of the Army downsizing is nothing new. Legacy applications A major impediment is legacy applications. Interfaceslink services with other applications. Almost 40% of this investment has been in consultingservices provided by vendors like Digital Equipment Corporation. Introduction Human resource management has evolved from a largely administrative and operational role to one that plays an important part in strategic planning. This was the theory behind an electronic roundtable discussion conducted during the summer and fall of 1992, using the Internet. .
Once again, the Army is repeating itself, projecting to shrink the active force from 566,000 during the height in 2011 to a speculated 420,000 reaching this in the fiscal year 2017…. Ted Klein of the Boston Systems Group offers these five types of applications as inappropriate: 1. Previously, a user logged into a mainframe,mini-, or microapplication. In addition, the fixed layout of the screen makes it difficult to support the display of conditionally derived information. . Main body Exploration of meaning of downsizing — Definition Organizational Perspective Downsizing is the planned set of organizational policies and practices aimed at reducing the extant workforce with the goal of improving firm performance Datta et al. Example: Your Web browser is a client program that requests services the sending of Web pages or files from a Web server.
Systems used in thefront office, directly involved in the process of doing the business, are forced to show value. Operating systems softwareand platform hardware are independent of the application and masked by the development tools used tobuild the application. This shift is more evident in its role towards downsizing. Rapid response to change is the hallmark of the 1990s. If thesestandards are understood and used, organizations can reasonably expect to buy solutions today that cangrow with their business needs without the constant need to revise the solutions. Implementing and Managing the New Systems -- 12. .
Services should be masked; that is, they should be provided in a natural manner without requiring the user to make unnatural gyrations to invoke them. Economic downturns, changes in the business environment, and increased levels of competition can all lead to employee layoffs and ultimately downsizing. Organizations evolve from one platform to another as the industry changes, as newtechnologies evolve that are more cost effective, and as acquisitions and mergers introduce otherinstalled platforms. . Telon provides particularly powerful facilities that support theobject-oriented development concepts necessary to create a structured development environment and tosupport code and function reuse. A more interactive user interface can be provided with built-in, context-sensitive help, and extensiveprompting and user interfaces that are sensitive to the users level of expertise. .
. . Technology can also be used to reduce costs of repetitive processes and to improve quality throughconsistent application of those processes. The technology is here; what is missing is the expertise to effectively apply it. Companies arequestioning the return on their existing investments. There is value in restricting imagination when you build system architectures.