Confucian texts uphold the ideal of a different kind of attunement, under which the world and its order can be called good without the ambiguity that Daoist skepticism with conceptual opposition creates. Another prominent difference between the two is the way they died, with Gandhi being assassinated and Russell dying of influenza. Hence an act that normally would be a grave offense against filial piety constitutes filial piety in the particular circumstances. But Duke Bo also acted on that rule, fought, and lost. Western philosophy strives to find and prove the truth, Eastern philosophy is accepting that the truth is given and strives to find the balance. It is often the case that philosophers who realize that critical work must be a part of the comparative project go on to conclude that traditions should be seen as rivals.
Regardless of what your belief is in some ways the religions between the east and west will most certainly be similar and different on certain spiritual ideas. Take a very, very high stand; knowing our universal nature, we must look with perfect calmness upon all the panorama of the world. This comes from the fact that in eastern cultures a technically greater man is often elevated to God-like status irrespective of his worth. Or one's explanation can reasonably imply convergence or similarity of belief. A human being has an individualistic nature, is an independent part of the universe and the society. On the criteria given by Williams, Hume wouldn't have a morality, even though he used the term.
To say that Daoists exemplify this theme about seeing the goodness of the world is in a way misleading, since there is in the Daodejing and Zhuangzi a profound mistrust of our conceptual separations between opposites such as good and bad. Ideally, philosophers should hold those views that are most defensible and credible. This approach distinguishes comparative philosophy from several other approaches to philosophy. Kant tells us that form is created by our body mind , as did Buddha. The revival of interest in Chinese metaphysics has partly been fueled by the perception that twentieth century physics has in fact undermined the strategy of giving determinate being ontological primacy Zukov, 1979.
To know God exists, one would have to presume the essence of God. The Neo-Confucian Chu Hsi Zhuzi yulei reinterpreted ethical themes inherited from the classical thinkers and grounded them in a cosmology and metaphysics. Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, such as the relationships between truth, belief, and theories of justification. Socrates was a great western philosopher who mastered humility and understood the importance of knowledge. These three men, who come from different life circumstances and have eared philosophies of life, each came to define the uses of.
In Mencius 7A35, Mencius is asked what the legendary sage-king Shun would have done if his father had killed a man. I feel this philosophy is very logical. Such qi is vast and unyielding, and if cultivated with uprightness will fill up the space between tian Heaven and earth. The state of society is one in which the members have suffered amputation from the trunk, and strut about so many walking monsters, - a good finger, a neck, a stomach, an elbow, but never a man. Despite these two philosophies superficial similarities in that both advocate moderateness, there are certain differences that set them apart. What Socrates and Lao Tzu had in common Both Socrates and Lao Tzu thought that even the wisest of humans is still ignorant. After finding out the cause and the pathology, the western medicine doctor would prescribe medicine or opt for surgery.
Kwong-loi Shun and David B. The importance attached to li, to ritual propriety itself, indicates the Confucian appreciation for the role of culture and convention in enabling human beings to express ethical attitudes toward each another such as care and respect see Cua, 2005 for rich explorations of li in the thought of Xunzi. Similarly, Plato, who is a representative figure of ancient Greek philosophy, also offered his political opinions, which is highly related to his theory of forms. Shun questions whether there is a good intellectual grounding for this asymmetry, given that Chinese philosophy promises to illuminate some aspects of the ethical life that are not as well appreciated or studied in Western philosophy. What is the stuff of which it is made? Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. Confucians are more willing to articulate their teachings in the form of principles, but such principles seem to function as designators of values or general considerations that ought to be given weight in judgments about what to do.
On the contrary, Christianity is a monotheistic religion that believes in the supreme creator of the universe, who is also the father of Jesus Christ. Within that tradition, rights may be seen as necessary for protecting individuals' interests when the right relationships of care irretrievably break down Chan, 1999. Aristotle coined the term virtue which encompassed two variations, one in which we contemplate called intellectually virtuous and the other to be morally virtuous as when suppressing biological and material needs or desires and perhaps the pleasure derived from them. Below are my three initial design ideas: Idea 1 Idea 2 Idea 3 After designing these three initila ideas I e-mialed them to the enhlish rep and asked for his feedback on the designs, and which one he would prefer me to develop. This philosophy entails taking the path of moderation, which lies between the path of sexual licentiousness and extreme asceticism. Xiusheng Liu and Philip J.
Feeling oneself as an element of the Divine 2. In Fleischacker's terms, modern science is predicated on different interests, prediction and control foremost among these interests. Until very recently, most introductory philosophy courses focused exclusively on the Western tradition, indeed mainly on the Anglo-European classics and thinkers. Michael Krausz Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 1989 : 140-159. Particularist modes of reasoning are needed, then, to judge when the usual rules apply, to balance conflicting values, and to specify the concrete meaning of single values in application to context.
He argues that all opinions must be heard, whether they are from the majority or a minority of beliefs. This is a very interesting, and in my opinion accurate, assessment. Fisrt Turkey used to try its powerfull to join The Easternern countries goups. Do we really fail to understand the appeal behind world pictures of attunement? Showed first 250 characters Many present-day creations bear a marked likeness to ancient yogic works of art in essence and in appearance because both are attempts to convey visual philosophical statements about the nature of certain aspects of reality. Michael Krausz, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. License Submitted by , published on 17 January 2016 under the following license:. Nevertheless, comparative philosophy as a field is only now becoming fully self-conscious, methodologically and substantively, about its role and function in the larger enterprises of philosophy and area studies.
Great thinkers of the East have developed sophisticated cultural and political systems that have influenced other religions as well as western philosophy. There are more subtle dangers. The way that an earlier example of putative radical difference can be questioned serves as some confirmation of this argument from charity for strong agreement between traditions. And yet, Western countries are very close to ocean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.