The major effect was that some rich Plebs and Patricians took advantage of the absence of the small landholding citizens who … formed the army on military duty to takeover steal in effect the common land when they were away for extended periods. Explain that they are going to be making bricks to go under yours. At the time, they were one of the largest wars that had ever taken place. The Plebs were all Romans who were not in the few hundred Particians - including some very rich and powerful elements. Not only did Roman legions contend with Hannibal in Italy and with Hannibal's brother in Hispania, but Rome had embroiled itself in yet another foreign war, the against Carthage's ally , at the same time. He, of course, took full advantage of Carthaginian weakness and captured much territory from the city in the afermath of its defeat probably encourage from Rome.
This, as well as the dramatically increased supply of slave labour for the big estates, made the small holders less and less viable, and their chances of employment much reduced. These shared the profits of the silver mines in southern Iberia with the Barcas family and closely followed Hellenistic diplomatic customs. In distress, Hannibal and his army returned home. This was angering the Carthaginians. A possibly depicting as i. Roman legionaries could then board and capture Carthaginian ships. Three main causes will be All this plus having to give up more than one piece of land was a huge blow to Carthaginian pride.
Eventually, Rome annexed Corsica and Sardinia by revisiting the terms of the treaty that ended the first Punic War. Carthage was also forbidden to raise an army without the permission of Rome. As Carthage was under siege and engaged in a difficult civil war, they grudgingly accepted the loss of these islands and the subsequent Roman conditions for ongoing peace, which also increased the war indemnity levied against Carthage after the first Punic War. Soon the Romans became aware of a burgeoning alliance between Carthage and the Celts of the Po river valley in northern Italy. Rome responded by drastically expanding its navy in a very short time. His army invaded Italy from the north and resoundingly defeated the Roman army in several battles, but never achieved the ultimate goal of causing a political break between Rome and its allies. While Hamilcar was able to obtain the resources for his aim, the Numidians in the were not conquered, like Hanno suggested, but became vassals of Carthage.
Scipio realized the necessity of an assault on Byrsa. The debate resulted in three points of view: economic imperialism: an aggressive policy that believes Rome is intentionally seeking to dominate other states. You must refer both to this passage, and to your knowledge of Polybius as a writer. Although the conflict over Sicily began as a local issue, Rome and Carthage quickly took sides. After some fifty years of this condition, Carthage had managed to discharge its war indemnity to Rome, and considered itself no longer bound by the restrictions of the treaty, although Rome believed otherwise. Their bricks will show the effects of the wars. The Effect of the Punic Wars; The Roman Destruction of Carthage 264-146 B.
As a prize, Carthage gave up Spain. The Romans felt that the Carthaginians were an imminent danger to their empire, so they thought quickly to destroy them. The Carthaginians were famed for their abilities as sailors, and many Carthaginians from the lower classes served in their navy, which provided them with a stable income and career. This just helps to reinforce the argument that war was unavoidable one way or another and therefore the war on Saguntum was just an incident which led to a war which would eventually decide the dominant power in the Mediterranean. Deciding victory of the war was when Rome won in the Battle of Zama. First … of all, Hannibal had spent fifteen years in Italy, not only fighting the Romans but also ravaging their lands. World conquest has been the goal of many great generals and a great… 973 Words 4 Pages The Punic Wars were made of three major wars.
Although he lost the war, his tactics were far beyond any other person at the time, which had won him many battles even when the odds were stacked against him. There was no clear victor and the terms set by the Romans were extremely harsh. In this essay I will look into the causes of the Second Punic War with the intention of backing up Polybius argument that the war on Saguntum was just the first incident and not a cause as Livy views it. According to Roman tradition, Hannibal had been made to swear by his father never to be a friend of Rome, and he certainly did not take a conciliatory attitude when the Romans berated him for crossing the river Iberus , which Carthage was bound by treaty not to cross. These farmers tended to go on the dole, or even join into rowdy mobs. Not only did the Punic Wars get Rome some slaves, it gave them a lot of land! After the First Punic War, Hamilcar went to Spain with the purpose of building a power base to use against Rome.
The Romans won and they forced the Carthaginians to give up their territory in Spain and the Mediterranean, give up their elephants, burn their warships, pay a fine, and never go to war without Rome's permission. On page 316 there is no reference to 50 000 Carthaginians taken captive. However, the Numidian king of the relevant area was now a son-in-law of Hamilcar and had supported Carthage during a crucial moment in the Mercenary War. Second Punic War 218-201 B. A first issue for dispute was that the initial treaty, agreed upon by Hamilcar Barca and the Roman commander in Sicily, had a clause stipulating that the Roman popular assembly had to accept the treaty in order for it to be valid. While Carthage was at the time a richer state with a larger army, it did not maintain a standing army. There should be one for each war, which just has the name and dates.
Of the great city-states in the western Mediterranean, only Rome rivaled it in power, wealth, and population. Rome was a rapidly ascending power in , but it lacked the naval power of Carthage. Having previously relied on mercenaries to fight their wars for them, the Carthaginians were now forced into a more active role in the defense of their city. Although Hannibal surprised the Romans and thoroughly beat them on the battlefields of Italy, he lost his only and most of his elephants to the cold temperatures and icy mountain paths. There was a treaty written, in which Carthage was not allowed to declare war outside of the African territories, and was restricted in many political and military aspects.