An agitated, confused female client arrives in the emergency department. At least five times a week D. Correct statements about thyroid function tests include which of the following? Note that you do not need this feature to use this site. Which postoperative instruction should the nurse emphasize? What are the target organs of insulin and glucagon? We even talk about medications that are commonly given during pregnancy. However, if a new oral antidiabetic agent is unsuccessful in keeping glucose levels at an acceptable level, insulin may be used in addition to the antidiabetic agent.
What are their respective functions? Signs and symptoms of acute pituitary apoplexy include: A. Which of the following is a hypoglycemic medication? A female adult client with a history of chronic hyperparathyroidism admits to being noncompliant. These conditions may result in a negative nitrogen balance, increased protein synthesis and breakdown, decreased glucose tolerance, and fat mobilization and depletion. What are the main treatments for diabetes mellitus? What hormones are secreted by the neurohypophysis? Mineralisation of the adrenals Ans: C 80. Insulin also should never be frozen because the insulin protein molecules may be damaged. Aldosterone secretion is independent of sodium and potassium intake as well as of pituitary stimulation. Which outcome indicates that treatment of a male client with diabetes insipidus has been effective? Clients also exhibit hypercalciuria-causing polyuria.
The endemic character of the disease is explained because dietary iodine is often a social or cultural condition affecting many people in certain geographical regions. Total extracapsular thyroid lobectomy, resection of the isthmus, and modified unilateral neck dissection d. What is a possible diagnosis for a middle-age woman with thinning hair, fatigue, irritability, and weight gain? Hyperthyroidism typically causes such signs as goiter, nervousness, heat intolerance, and weight loss despite increased appetite. It differentiates neoplastic and nonneoplastic nodules in most cases b. Indications for surgical adrenalectomy include: A.
When symptoms are experienced, a person may have pain that comes on suddenly, does not radiate, gets worse when weight is put on the area, may be tender locally and generally begins to go away in a week. Of the following which commonly require surgical management? Pheochromocytoma, a tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes excessive catecholamine, causes hypertension, tachycardia, hyperglycemia, hypermetabolism, and weight loss. The placenta is not a permanent gland of the endocrine system but it nonetheless has an endocrine function. Treatment with the appropriate drug should decrease both oral fluid intake and urine output. Do you want to be a research scholar? Encouraging increased oral intake C. Addisonian crisis, or acute adrenocortical insufficiency: A.
What are some signs and symptoms found in patients with hyperthyroidism? When the patient's blood is analyzed for hemoglobin A1c, the resulting value number provides an estimate of the level of glucose over that time period. Toxic agents present in food which interfere with thyroxine synthesis lead to the development of a toxic goitre b cretinism c simple goitre d thyrotoxicosis 3. Immune mediated Ans: C 56. Pituitary adenoma Answer: d 82. The client must continue to monitor fluid intake and output and receive adequate fluid replacement. Foods that have 400 mg per serving are considered high sodium foods.
Levothyroxine is the preferred agent to treat primary hypothyroidism and cretinism, although it also may be used to treat secondary hypothyroidism. The client experiences glycosuria and polyuria, losing body fluids and experiencing fluid volume deficit. Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account: Sign in using your social account:. Why is the thyroid enlarged in the endemic goiter? Which postoperative instruction should the nurse emphasize? What are the main endocrine glands of the human body? Nurse Kate is providing dietary instructions to a male client with hypoglycemia. Is differentiated from benign adrenocortical adenoma by tumor necrosis, hemorrhage, and cellular features of large hyperchromatic nuclei and more than 20 mitoses per high-power field. The thyroid gland is the only endogenous source of T4 c. Hyperplasia is the second most frequent cause.
Increasing intake of vitamins B and D and taking iron supplements. What are the main divisions of the hypophysis? Other organs such as the kidneys, the heart and the placenta also play a role in the endocrine system. Metformin has the following main side-effects: A. Most are small tumours, but dog is likely to die from metastasis. As table salt is a widely used condiment, the supply of iodine in the diet is almost always assured by this method. Can mimic an acute abdomen with fever, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, and hypotension.
If the client has lost consciousness, the nurse should administer either I. Gastric secretion is stopped by hormone a gastrin b enterogastrone c cholecystokinin d pancreozymin 7. Prolactin is the hormone that stimulates the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands in women. Related to tetany secondary to a decreased serum level 3. Through vasodilation, they increase the supply of blood to the brain, the muscles and the heart and, through vasoconstriction, they reduce the supply of blood to the kidneys, the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. An agitated, confused female client arrives in the emergency department. Provocative testing with pentagastrin and calcium infusion for family members at risk for medullary carcinoma of the thyroid is diminished in importance by the recent development of specific genetic testing Answer: a, c, d 51.
In excess, may produce a syndrome of euvolemic hyponatremia with inappropriately concentrated urine that is responsive to free water restriction. The thyroid gland releases hormones that help regulate heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. They act to increase the cellular metabolic rate of the body cellular respiration, metabolism of proteins and lipids, etc. To avoid constipation, increase water intake as more fiber is added to the diet. Because diabetes insipidus results from decreased antidiuretic hormone vasopressin production, the nurse should expect to administer synthetic vasopressin for hormone replacement therapy. Which hormone increases blood glucose levels? Insulin shock is characterized by A. Should be resected if biochemically active, if greater than 6 cm.