Wharton learned of the accident from one of the girls who survived, Kate Spencer, when the two became friends while both worked at the. By chance, Frome ends up being his sleigh driver to work every morning. Student reading journals can be collected for review, as can the close reading worksheets. Zeena, once so sickly, somehow has found the strength to take care of all of them. His misery captivates the narrator. In Frome's youth the buildings are new and handsome, whereas by the time the narrator sees them they are old and faded. He provides The Narrator with information about Ethan Frome's life.
Zeena returns the next day. He realizes that, of all people, he cannot cheat this kindly woman and her husband out of money, since she is one of the few people who have ever seemed to have seen or openly acknowledged Ethan's lifelong plight, as well as his honor in fulfilling his duties. This exercise is partially to review the novel, but also to show students how to read closely by first beginning with a simple question e. Mattie makes supper and retrieves from a high shelf Zeena's treasured pickle dish, which Zeena, in a symbol of her stingy nature, never uses, in order to protect it. Consider also that this metaphor comes directly after Ethan internally struggles with leaving Zeena to go West, abandoning duty and honor, or staying in his current situation. Feel free to contextualize Wharton further as a realist who reflected, in Ethan Frome particularly, a more deterministic flair often seen in the naturalists. Mattie dreams of spending her life with Ethan.
It is then they decide to try and commit suicide. The words uttered by Zeena that dark that she and Frome were in the sleeping room were the last hope for Frome to hold a life of his ain. But Zeena is an oppressive presence even when she is absent, and the conversation between Ethan and Mattie becomes strained and awkward. Now Ethan and Mattie are inextricably bound together, but their bond is one of pain and suffering, in consequence of their actions. Note that this activity can be assigned in a variety of ways—spread out over several evenings of reading; given as an in-class assignment for individuals or for groups; divided among groups who then must debate one another on either side of the issue; or any number of other options. They were all dancing in the woods one night and were caught by Paris, the reverend in that small town. What can we guess about their dreams and hopes? A severe snowstorm during one of their journeys forces Frome to allow the narrator to shelter at his home one night.
This proves that the author uses fate and free will to show that sometimes we aren't in control of our lives and might not get what we truly want. Ethan Frome, the main character in the book entitled Ethan Frome, by Edith Wharton, has many complex problems going on at the same time. He didn't think clearly if he actually likes Zeena, or he just needed someone there to keep him sane. The next day, Ethan takes Mattie to the train station. As students read through the whole of Ethan Frome, they can focus on any number of issues, while keeping track of their ideas in their reading journals.
Setting and Structure Setting: Ethan Frome is distinctive for its use of setting. As members of the impoverished class, there would be no money to buy their way to freedom, to travel far enough and secretly enough to start anew. The existent town itself and the milieus of Frome are rough and cold, particularly in winter when the book takes topographic point. She recreated a house with a voice. Romantic love, as idealized for us by our forefathers, has long ago gone into bankruptcy. This only goes to show how heavily these can weigh on ones mind, and how it affects there decisions and there life to a great extent. Just as the two are entering Frome's house, the prologue ends.
GradeSaver, 26 November 2000 Web. Ethan tried to escape the isolation of Starkfield and his father's farm by going off to the technological college at Worcester. Wharton is reacting against a kind of literature that romanticizes poverty and rural life. Once students have analyzed the four assigned passages, they should add additional quotations of their own choosing and repeat the passage analysis exercise for each one. Students should not merely state their agreement or disagreement with the claim; they should try to articulate a more complicated reading of the text, indicating the extent to which the claim is true and the extent to which it must be qualified.
And what good had come of it? The novel is a frame narrative, in which the ending circles back in time and place to the story's beginning, which in this case is decades after the accident occurred. Ironically, her illusion becomes a reality. Ethan Frome, the main character of Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton, was born into a poor family stricken with bad luck. It allows people to act on their true desires and hateful urges without following the rules given by society. Chance circumstances arise that allow the narrator to hire Frome as his driver for a week. After a brief discussion of these points, students will be ready to complete the. Is this a problem for the society as a whole, or is it, instead, simply a problem for Ethan and his family? He has several character traits which distinguish him from the other chief characters.
He married her because she had tried to help his mother recover from an illness, and once his mother died he could not bear the thought of living in the house alone. Ethan is trapped in a miserable marriage to an angry hypochondriac of a wife, Zeena, who is more consumed with her fictitious ailments than with her husband's happiness. If not, where do you find hope? Meanwhile, how could she keep the farm going? The isolation is both physical and emotional. Indeed, in many ways Ethan Frome stands at the confluence of the realist and naturalist periods of American literary history. It may hold been better off if they had succeeded, because they led suffering lives after the accident. Ethan's situation dooms his passion for Mattie Silver.
Ethan has had a loveless marriage, and has been the catalyst for some very powerful emotions. Danger, hurt, and rage lie on the underside, and the more we try to escape our lives for something seemingly better, the more we ensnare ourselves in the same misery. The ride is exhilarating and dangerous, much like love, and once it's over, Mattie wants to go again, but for a different purpose. Frome was in able to make the same sum of farm work as earlier. Love is very powerful in the book and was continually shown throughout the story with Ethan's decision making and Zeena's jealousy. He marries Ruth Varnum, but is dead by the time The Narrator comes to town. Ethan tries to help by setting the dish's pieces neatly in the cupboard, presenting the false impression of wholeness if not examined closely, with plans to purchase some glue and fix it as soon as he can.
Once once more at the terminal of the book, he was sad. It is also the color of passion. An overview of the movement its defining characteristics, techniques, and authors is available on Prof. Zeena becomes caregiver to a paralyzed Mattie, who grows more embittered by her fate than Zeena had ever been. Central Pacific Forces and Japan.