Following the adoption of the Government of India Act of 1858, the Governor-General as representing the Crown became known as the Viceroy. For the list of Governors of Bengal see. How the Governor Generals and Viceroys were involved in India? In 1858, as a consequence of the the previous year, the territories and assets of the East India Company came under the direct control of the ; as a consequence the was succeeded by the. He also introduced permanent settlement in Bengal. Governors-General served at the pleasure of the Sovereign, though the practice was to have them serve five-year terms.
The Governor-General of Fort William resided in , , until the early nineteenth century, when was constructed. Rajagopalachari was the last and only Governor-General of free India. Though construction began in 1912, it did not conclude until 1929; the palace was not formally inaugurated until 1931. Lord Elgin I 1862 — 1863 : Involved in Wahabi Movement and tried to suppress this movement. He served in the American Revolution 1775—81 and was rewarded with an English peerage in 1783; he succeeded his father as earl of Moira in 1793. If you found your photographs here and have issues with that please E-mail me with your requests, I will remove your photographs from public domain. Three members were to be appointed by the Secretary of State for India, and two by the Sovereign.
The office was created in 1773, with the title of of the of. This Act proved to be landmark in the history of India. All high Indian officials were dismissed and all posts worth more than £500 a year were reserved for Europeans. So, it was the victim of complete anarchy. The Council of India was later abolished by.
A noteworthy weightage is accorded to the subject of History in many years. To See the Album, Please Click the Photo Below Location of House of Warren Hastings :- Near St. In this financial crisis, the company opened two fronts with Marathas and Mysore in 1780. So, their first priority was to understand the political, societal, economic and cultural structure of the conquered society. Indian Independence Act passed in the British Parliament and India got independence in 15th August 1947.
One can notice easily remaining floor is newly constructed. Cornwallis suspended the Board of Revenue for irregularities and enforced the new rules against private trade. Lord Irwin 1926 — 1931 : Simon Commission imposed on Indians and Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed. But Judiciary was also established by Warren Hastings. He reformed the finances, opened up judicial posts to Indians, and suppressed such practices as suttee, or widow burning, and thuggee, or ritual murder by robber gangs. But after the the next coming Governor was Warren Hastings. While the Governor-General thus became the controller of foreign policy in India, he was not the explicit head of British India.
The office of Warren Hastings is just on the opposite side of this building, approximately 250 metre. The remaining princely rulers were overseen either by the and , which were headed by representatives of the Viceroy, or by provincial authorities. The answer for both is — Lord William Bentinck. The first three members were permitted to participate on all occasions, but the fourth member was only allowed to sit and vote when legislation was being debated. The British Conquest and Dominion of India 2 vol.
India became a secular republic in 1950; Pakistan became an Islamic one in 1956. The officer had direct control only over Fort William, but supervised other officials in India. It was never conferred by an act of parliament, but was used in and in the statutes of knightly orders. He involved in the Revolt of 1857. Helped Raja of Cooch Behar to push away Bhutanese army of Zhidar.
Lord Lansdowne 1888 — 1894 : He passed the Factory Act in 1891, Indian Council Act of 1892. He then reorganised the whole administration. After a short campaign, in which Bhurtpore was captured by assault, Doorjun Sál was deposed, and the young rajah was left in undisputed possession of his heritage. Explanation : The first governor general of Bengal was Warren Hastings. He was able to defy the mercenary interests of the East India Company when they conflicted with state policy. Now there have many offices in the building and it is located in Kolkata old office area. The power to elect the Governor-General was retained by the Court of Directors, but the choice became subject to the Sovereign's approval.