But after being drawn partially into life by Lena and Byron and then by Joe, Hightower begins to review all of his past life. Hightower's desire for isolation is related to his desire to live in the past and his refusal to confront the problems of the present. Though his grandfather wants Christmas lynched, his grandmother visits him in the Jefferson jail and advises him to seek help from Hightower. She dies in childbirth after Eupheus Hines refuses to call a doctor for her. She chose to become a social worker because the field of social work is broad and the profession covers many opportunities to assist those in need.
However, the Christian references are dark and disturbing—Lena is obviously not a virgin, Christmas is an enraged murderer—and may be more appropriately viewed as idols mistakenly worshipped as saints. American Gothic: New Interventions in a National Narrative. Reverend Hightower with Lena Grove and Joe Christmas is at one of the three principal plot centers of the novel. This participation was not voluntary but forced upon him in the first instance delivering Lena's child , but after rejecting Mrs. The novel is set in the American South in the 1930s, during the time of and that legalized in the South.
While Burch sits in jail awaiting his reward for turning in Christmas, Lena is assisted by Byron Bunch, a shy, mild-mannered bachelor who falls in love with her. He had thought that through suffering he had won for himself the privilege of remaining uninvolved in life. She is murdered, presumably by Christmas, at the start of the novel, and her house is burned down. The imaging and diagnostic services are provided in-house and in a freestanding outpatient center. No apologist for the Confederacy, as were a number of the Agrarians, Faulkner presents the South in all its beauty and terror. Though Christmas is guilty of violent crimes, Faulkner emphasizes that he is under the sway of social and psychological forces that are beyond his control and force him to reenact the part of the mythical black murderer and rapist from Southern history.
A Southern Renaissance: The Cultural Awakening of the American South, 1930-1955. Which to me is the worst possible condition a man could find himself in--not knowing what he is and to know that he will never know. He knows now that man must become a part of the community and must assume responsibility not only for his own actions but also for the actions of his fellow man. With his epiphany, he embodies what may be Faulkner's prescription for the modern South: awareness, transcendence, and hope. In spite of these complaints, the novel came to be viewed positively because of its violence and dark themes, as this was a contrast to the , Southern literature of the time. American Gothic Fiction: An Introduction.
Nevertheless, Grimm kills Christmas in a brutal display of racism and anti-miscegenation. A closer examination of Hightower reveals Faulkner's deep concern for the South and the collective suffering of its people. Far from being a peripheral figure, Hightower is a seminal character in the Faulknerian canon. His refusal is his last futile but passionate effort to retain his isolation. In his musings and ruminations, Hightower stands as the moral or philosophical center of the novel. He represents all of those who cling to false beliefs of past glories. The surly, psychopathic Christmas has been on the run for years, ever since presumably killing his strict adopted father.
Armstid — a man who picks up Lena on her way to Jefferson, lets her spend the night at his house, and then gives her a ride to the city on his wagon. Flags 14 The point to be made is that myth has the power to raise to profound levels the trivial and mundane; otherwise, we would be forced to face the petty, painful truth. The Romance of Authenticity: The Cultural Politics of Regional and Ethnic Literature. Christmas exemplifies how existing outside of categorization, being neither black nor white, is perceived as a threat by society that can only be reconciled with violence. Hightower, through his own personal epiphany, transcends the curse under which the South has suffered for so long. The novel is characteristic of the modernist fascination with polarities—light and dark, good and evil—the burden of history on the present, and the splintering of personal identity.
Hines to lie for Joe Christmas' and in Hightower s words, mankind's benefit. By accepting a menial labor job at a planing mill and living in a shack, he plays the role of a white man playing the role of a black man. In 1935, translated the novel into French. By showing how this reverential attitude toward the War and its heroes has a detrimental effect on Hightower, Faulkner seems to suggest that something similar affects many Southerners. Christian imagery such as the urn, the wheel, and the shadow, can be found throughout. John 5, the healing of the lame man by immersion, is echoed by Christmas's repeatedly being immersed in liquids. Christmas passes as a white man by posing as a black one.
Through the years she has worked on the Geriatric-Psychiatry Unit, Skilled Nursing Unit, Rehab Unit and the Emergency Room along with on call rotation for the nursing units. By deconstructing his own fabricated myths of the Confederacy, Hightower frees himself from the past and, through his own positive actions, may now try to build tomorrow. One could cite for a class how, in Flags in the Dust, Carolina Bayard Sartoris, the uncle of Old Bayard, is killed while attempting with a friend to steal anchovies from a Union bivouac, a foolish act that is later rhapsodized into legend by those who remained:. Faulkner dramatizes this fixation on grandfathers with two characters whose Civil War exploits attain the level of myth. By such an unsubstantiated signification, we actually comply with those who insist upon classifying others according to race.
Faulkner's Search for a South. However, over time, the novel has come to be considered one of the most important literary works by Faulkner and one of the best English-language novels of the 20th century. Armstid — Armstid's wife, who gives Lena money in spite of her disdain for the young woman. Hightower's struggle for isolation becomes more intense as he sees himself threatened with involvement. It belongs to the and literary genres.
James Hlavsa points out, each chapter in Faulkner corresponds to themes in John. He is a devout Presbyterian and tries to instill religion in the young orphan he has adopted. Along the way, he is also able to confront and lay to rest the family ghosts and the legacy of the painful past that haunts him still. Unlike some of the other Yoknapatawpha County novels, Light in August does not rely solely on narration, but also incorporates dialogue and an omniscient that develop the story. My life died there, was shot from the saddle of a galloping horse in a Jefferson street one night twenty years before it was ever born.