The primary language of instruction is Chinese. A March 1997 labor protest involving 20,000 workers in Nanchong was the largest since the Communist revolution. Direct foreign investment in industry, services, and infrastructure especially energy and communications development were promoted. China's rare-earth processing capacity expanded from 50,000 metric tons per year in 1995 to 130,000 metric tons per year in 2000. During the 1980s, the Chinese economy underwent a major restructuring under the leadership of Zhao Ziyang.
Some men would study for years to try and pass the exams and earn one of these prestigious positions. Along with paper, China is also the birthplace of compass, gunpowder and printing. The sixth five-year plan 1981 —85 reemphasized China's commitment to the pragmatic line and to the Four Modernizations. The following are the most important, but do not form an exhaustive list. At the heart of the 1969 policy was a reversion to the commune system of 1958 —a program to make the countryside self-sufficient, with every commune not only growing its own food but also producing its own fertilizer and tools, generating its own electricity, and managing its own small handicrafts factories, health schemes, and primary schools. The main countries to which Chinese emigrated in 2004 were the , Canada, , , and the United Kingdom.
Such important rivers as the Yellow River, the Huai River, the Yongding River, the Hongze Lake, and the Qiantang River, significantly affect national economy and people' livelihood, and were the foci of river engineering in the Qing dynasty. The overseas migration of millions of Chinese reached its peak in the 1920s when thousands of farmers and fishermen from the southeastern coastal provinces settled in other countries of South-east Asia. From Gansu it winds about 4,671 km 2,903 mi eastward to Shandong Province, where it empties into Bo Hai Gulf of Zhili, or Chihli. The mainland's 5,774 km 3,588 mi coastline, extending from the mouth of the Yalu River in the northeast to the Gulf of in the south, forms a great arc, with the Liaodong and Shandong peninsulas in the north protruding into the and the Leizhou Peninsula in the south protruding into the. The Grand Canal is the world's longest canal and artificial river. The largest river in China, the Yangtze travels 5,525 km 3,434 mi and drains 1,808,500 sq km 698,300 sq mi of land.
Other metallic ore outputs in 2004 were: tin chiefly in Yunnan , 110,000 metric tons, up from 102,000 metric tons in 2003; antimony from Guangxi, Guizhou, and Hunan , 110,000 metric tons; bauxite gross weight , 15 million metric tons, 13 million metric tons in 2003; lead metal content , 950,000 metric tons, down from 955,000 metric tons in 2003; molybdenum, 29,000 metric tons; mercury, 425 metric tons, down from 610 metric tons in 2003; and zinc, 2. This contrast extends to how children are perceived. About 60% of state quota timber production comes from plantations. Emperor Wen Rebuilt the Great Wall Even before Yang Jian became an emperor, he had the Great Wall north of his kingdom rebuilt. An Authentic Account of an Embassy. Most sheep are raised by pastoral herders, mostly the ethnic minorities, in the semiarid lands of Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Sichuan Szechuan. Many major projects had been completed by the 1970s, including double-tracking of major lines in the east; the electrification of lines in the west, including the 671 km 417 mi Baoji-Chengdu link; and the addition of several new trunk lines and spurs, many providing service to the country's more remote areas.
Two newer domestic Insurance Companies, China Pacific and Ping An, have 11% and 8%, respectively, of the market. He came to power in the year 604, when many believe he killed his father. Many groups refuse to register, however, either out of protest for government policies and control over religion or from fear of providing the names of religious leaders to government authorities. In 1969, Chinese and Soviet forces clashed briefly along the Amur River frontier of eastern Heilongjiang Province. China has detained thousands of Uyghurs since 11 September 2001.
He took control of China and named himself Emperor Hongwu. A revolution that finally overthrew Manchu rule began in 1911 in the context of a protest against a government scheme that would have handed Chinese-owned railways to foreign interests. Besides being the headquarters for the government and the largest pre-modern industrial production center of the empire, Yangzhou was also the geographical midpoint along the north-south trade axis, and so became the major center for southern goods shipped north. The Grand Canal has facilitated faster trading, improving the Chinese economy. Before the construction work was even half finished, however, the people of Qin became aware that the project was a trick, and the ruler of Qin wanted to kill Zheng Guo.
More public buildings were built along the Canal at : palaces for commercial and financial Benches and , rebuilt after 1514 fire and a. In the northeast, the Amur drains a great part of the Manchurian Basin as it winds along its 4,350 km 2,719 mi course. In 1983, however, China began making direct investments overseas, in the United States, Canada, the , and. Cargo barges on the Grand Canal at Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China. The canal stretches over 1,100 miles from the city of Beijing to the city of Hangzhou. The canal that runs through the center of the city is iconic. Most of the forests are in remote regions, however, and lack of transportation limits exploitation.
By 1980, 26 million hectares 64 million acres of new forests had been planted, and during the 1980s, afforestation proceeded at the rate of 4. The decade from 1966 to 1976 left persistent factionalism in Chinese politics and a crisis of confidence, particularly among the young. It is generally a minimum of 100 metres wide in the congested city centres, and often two or three times this width in the countryside beyond. Finally, in the early hours of 4 June 1989, armed troops, armored personnel carriers, and tanks, firing on demonstrators and bystanders, managed to reach the Square. Large thermal power plants are situated in the northeast and along the east coast of China, where industry is concentrated, as well as in new inland industrial centers, such as Chongqing, , Xi'an, and. Until 1989, economic reforms were accompanied by relatively greater openness in intellectual spheres. However, the periodic river surge is a menace to agriculture.