His optimistic positions on life and his goal-oriented life style is reflected in his composing. Well, for the Walden author, it is nature, not man, that takes center stage. In his seclusion, he was capable of influencing mass amounts of people, even to this day as his name is written in history books and text books across the country. He uses his vast knowledge of philosophical and religious texts to turn these observations into answers. Transcendentalism is the idea that in order to learn about God and the universe, one must go beyond everyday experience to a higher standing. Thoreau writes, for example, that people spend too much money and energy on clothing, following changing taste and fashions frantically.
Simplicity in every aspect is perceived as the only necessity. From a very early age Henry David Thoreau decided to use his own life experience as a helpful source and means of self-education. Henry David Thoreau published Walden in 1884. Anglo-American Antiphony: The Late Romanticism of Tennyson and Emerson. His essays bring forth his thought that nature and human beings were created from the same divine source and so the presence of God can be felt in the company of nature. On Emerson's Way of Presenting his Ideas Ralph Waldo Emerson is philosopher known for his seemingly anti-classical approach of viewing things.
Emerson wrote the essay Self-reliance which pointed out to follow your own thought, be honest with oneself and to seek solitude. It rejected society's dominance over the individual. He embraces the wildness of nature for its own sake and argues that man is obligated to conserve nature — total tree hugger. There were other attempts to live separated from society, like Brooks Farm or Fruitlands, but they still included a greater number of people and therefore to some degree had the character of social reform, whereas Thoreau's life at Walden Pond could only be an attempt to individual reform because Thoreau voluntarily isolated himself from nearly any human contact. Often times, he says, the government is a inconvenience and is not worthwhile, sometimes is even detrimental. The Transcendentalism movement was an amalgam of Buddhism, German and English Romanticism, Hindu teachings, Confucianism and placed great emphasis on emotional wellbeing, self reliance and personal truths rather than social norms. At first, 'transcendental' was used by their contemporaries as a derisive term for everything that seemed weird and not understandable to me.
If you're not the crunchy type, you may not resonate with Thoreau's bordering-on-obsessive love of and appreciation for nature. Thoreau focused his life around merely the indispensable things, and lived as though life was a contemplation of an inner religious world. Own thoughts have more significance than any adapted ideas, even if these come from ancient philosophers. A Massachusetts winter can seem bad enough to someone with access to modern heating and a Starbucks - imagine preparing for a New England winter living alone in a cabin! He states that the government should be based on conscience and that citizens… 933 Words 4 Pages this is a quote from Henry David Thoreau from his well-known book called Civil Disobedience Baym, Levine ,2012. Chapter Three asks if the doctrine of self-reliance is reflected in American Transcendental literature. David Thoreau and many other American writers of his time that he was. In spite of the shortcomings of the poor habitat, he perceived positively even the drawbacks in his situation.
It is a question that has as many considerations as there are forms of government and it is rarely answered satisfactorily. No outside authority is left for the self-reliant person. You might think a book with such an ambitious aim would be difficult to read, and you would be right. Far or forgot to me is near; Shadow and sunlight are the same; The vanished gods to me appear; And one to me are shame and fame 36 These influences lead the Transcendentalists to passively accept the society of New England like the Hindus accepted the caste-system. The idea that every soul is a part of the Over-Soul implies that God exists in every human being.
I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. Emerson's view on political affiliations and parties is nearly the same. Autonomy prompts the deep geographic expedition of oneself. In proportion as he simplifies his life, the laws of the universe will appear less complex, and solitude will not be solitude, nor poverty poverty, nor weakness weakness. In seems from examination of Emerson s life, that he was an individualist. New York: Kessinger Press, 2004.
Unsurprisingly, both Transcendentalists favored the individual self over the institution that is the government, while not dismissing it entirely. American Transcendentalism 1830 - 1860: An Intellectual Inquiry. He praises the ideal of the upright man 21, someone who is willing to show opposition against the opinion of the multitude when he is convinced that it is necessary to do so. That would have been the shortest way of telling them that they would not understand my explanations. Sure, there were already nature conservationist movements at the time, but Thoreau's Walden first published as Walden; or Life in the Woods in 1854 was one of the earliest attempts to present these ideas as a coherent philosophy. A group of New England intellectuals, called the 'Transcendental Club', met occasionally at Emerson's house from 1836 on.
Confucius - A Chinese sage of the sixth century B. New York: Library of America, 2000. Walden is the most consequent attempt in the literature of the Transcendentalists to promote self-reform in isolation from society. I learned this, at least, by my experiment; that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours. When Thoreau went into the woods he wanted to take no bias with him at all and simply observe what he found when he got there.
This individualism lead Emerson to postulate the ethical principle of self-reliance. Is not a man better than a town? Walden's exquisite descriptions of natural life, with an attention to species-specific detail and boy, do we mean detail , show us a richness of natural diversity that corresponds to the varieties of human experience. Over 150,000 people from 145 countries play. He appeared to be more content with examining the patterns of human thought and emotion than to live it for himself. All individual souls are part of the Over-Soul, a synonym for God.