Based on Plutarch's account, Alexander had no problem asserting his authority over Hephaestion, regardless of the nature of their relationship. That he loved at least two men there can be little doubt. Alexander held an elaborate for Hephaestion at , and sent a note to the shrine of Ammon, which had previously acknowledged Alexander as a , asking them to grant Hephaestion divine honours. But I can't help but think how out of sync it is with some depictions of Hephaestion as the one person who always brought out the tender, if not romantic, side of Alexander like in Oliver Stone's film. Rufus mentions in one line that Alexander had a homosexual relationship with Boagas, but mostly condemns his relationships with loose women.
I won't comment on the modern problems facing Greece and Macedonia, they don't concern me or my research in antiquity. No source says that they were that I know of. This company may use information not including your name, address, email address, or telephone number about your visits to this and other websites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services of interest to you. Let's start with a basic truth: There is no credible, direct evidence linking Alexander and Hephaestion romantically or sexually. The boy would have been Alexander's only child born during his lifetime Roxane's son was born posthumously. Thus Alexander honoured Hephaestion both as the closest of his friends and the most distinguished of his Field Marshals. There was a long Middle Eastern tradition of employing eunuchs as court officials, especially where a harem system was in place, as at the Achaemenid royal court witness the Biblical book of Esther.
But the fight was broken up by their comrades. Plutarch also leaves out another famous scene in the Anabasis - of the Persian queen accidentally bowing before Hephaestion after the Battle of Issus. At any rate, Macedonian and Greek mores would have favored an actively sexual component rather than inhibiting or censoring it. And third, you have Alexander's association with Achilles and Hephaestion's with Patroclus. Alexander rushes back to the palace after hearing news of his friend's illness, but he is too late. It features stories from their life and analysis from the world's leading expert on this topic.
It sorts and describes some 1,000 online resources, from biographies to movies, academic papers to political arguments. Bent over the wooden chest was that page again, looking inside for something. How do we know Alexander was gay? Click here to check out the scoop as reported in The Baltimore Sun. More warlike places such as Sparta and Macedon had slightly different expectations about expressing same-sex desire. Sure, it's nice to believe they were the same soul occupying a single body but, in reality, it was probably more complicated. I may elaborate more on this theory later, as it is not yet fully formed in my mind.
He asked the oracles if Hephaestion was a god back then people could become gods by achievement and was told that Hephaestion was indeed a hero, a lesser type of god. He allegedly took many actions while trying to cope with Hepheastion's death. Hephaestion was Alexander's best man when he married Roxane, his first wife. Alexander also sought out the services of an architect named Stasicrates, who was renowned for his innovative and lavish projects. There is speculation that Stateira could have been pregnant when he died; if so, she and her child played no part in the succession battles which ensued after his death.
He had been quite distracted and for the first time since they had become lovers, Hephaestion left the king's bed and went back to his own chamber when they were finished. Ptolemy remained in silence but what he said kept repeating inside Hephaestion's mind for a while. If new evidence can answer enough of the lingering questions, a clearer portrait of Alexander and Hephaestion could come into focus. If the connection extended to the physical as well, good for them. Like hunting, homosexuality was thought to foster masculine, especially martial, bravery. Curtius goes as far to imply that Alexander valued Hephaestion for his looks by comparing him to a handsome youth named Euxenippus who had caught Alexander's eye Histories of Alexander the Great, 7. Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, archaeology, arts and culture, and history in books and movies.
Regardless of what reason one subscribes to, one has to admit that it says something that none of the biographers we know about were willing to just come out with it. The first has to do with the cultural norms surrounding homosexuality in ancient Greece, specifically the royal court of Macedon. It seems more likely that the romance with Barsine was invented by the boy's backers to validate his parentage. There are, however, at least a couple of problems with this argument. How many situations between two young men in their situation work out so neatly? People usually are soppy when it comes to be these two passages.
. However, my theory differs in that I believe the defining aspect of their relationship was its lack of reciprocity. The news of the king's death sunk into despair the full camp; thousands of people wanted to pay their respects to the king but it was not possible. March right on over to your library. It's not black and white, and there is discussion to be had for sure, but to outright say they're not Greeks would be misleading at best. Reames, it is always nice to have a conversation about Hephaistion.