Scholars like Wilson and Kolb 1947:714 sees conflict as a negative totality as dysfunctional or destructive process and the breakdown of communication. For this reason, this paper offers another way of diagnosing our national problems by drawing our attention to the significance of the powerful, pervasive and enduring influence of the core values and hidden authority codes, namely, ethnography, geography, religion and culture of all Nigerians. The state government management agency says 204 people had been killed since December 2016, but numbers were still being compiled. The Taliban insurgency continues at full pace into 2019, despite offers to talk peace by President Ashraf Ghani, and an unprecedented ceasefire over Eid al Fitr. Because ethnicity taps cultural and symbolic issues — basic notions of identity and the self, of individual and group worth and entitlement — the conflicts it generates are intrinsically less amenable to compromise than those revolving around material issues.
Nigerian polity and social environment can be divided into three periods: the era of modern politics 1946-1966 , the military era 1966-1999 , and the Civilian Democracy 1999 to the present. Major challenges to conflict management in Nigeria are in the areas of lack of a vibrant investigative media, low capacity in Social Societies, dysfunctional Nigeria Police Force and politicians benefiting from the chaotic environment. Carefree security agents engineered the escalation of these conflicts. Further Reading: Syria: Most likely to see a shift to mass repression Nearly eight years from the start of what began as a peaceful, popular uprising to demand increased freedom — though quickly transformed into a militarized, highly fragmented, and high-stakes conflict — the Syrian War today is marked by ever-expanding regime control and the complicating agendas of powerful regional and international actors. Fulani cattle herders accuse the farmers of killing their cattle. Third, is discouragement of Foreign Investment growth in the country. Alcohol had been banned; fornication and adultery are capital crimes, eating pork is a crime, women and men can no longer travel together in the same bus, there is now segregation between men and women in all areas of life, the list goes on.
Labour must stand up against this step backwards with a clear programme; the dirty intention of the Nigerian ruling class is to split the working masses using religion. The desire for freedom and justice, the political fallouts from the structural adjustment programmes, and the entrenched autocratic and repressive political institutions dominant in the most of the parts of Africa. The latest round, starting in 2011, continues. As Shia sect members follow Shiite teachings, local indigenous political leaders view them as radical and believe they are committed to the overthrow of existing government. The findings reveals that indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms are more flexible than the formal court procedures.
Conflict resolution in Ghana has taken centre stage in the last decade with efforts geared towards developing alternative and acceptable mechanisms for dealing with the country's numerous conflicts. The Federal Constitution of Nigeria between 1954 and 1966 failed to create a stable, just and participatory social order. Second is the dominated class, also called the masses, the ordinary people, and the non-elite; terms that describe the urban segment of the poor and underprivileged, as well as the peasantry which is the common name for rural dwellers. Such redefinitions have not however, changed the historical context of the majority-minority cleavage. The instituting of Sharia as a main body of civil and criminal law in Twelve Northern Nigerian States, is a clear pointer to an aspiration for a purely Islamic society among some of the political class in northern Nigeria. Some say that this group is not religious, but purely a product of political or economical circumstances of a woefully failed Northern Nigeria.
Toward the end of the year, the Sudanese government signed a pre-negotiation agreement with two of the armed groups active in Darfur with the intention of restarting talks in 2019. Religion is a private affair of every individual; the State must not have any religion. The conflicts have disrupted the lives of people as well as the environment in ways that are not fully understood. Such a confused response to the crisis of the capitalist system, in the form of ethnic clashes, leads those involved to the false belief that their problem of want is due to the existence of non-indigenes in their local region, as the case may be. Inter-ethnic struggles over issues that borders on Public Office and resource sharing take another colouration in the formation of ethnic militias. The collaborative approach as suggested by the research indicated that the effectiveness of the village heads in resolving conflicts will increase by 14% translating to approximately 9 cases out of 10 being resolved.
Examples of failure of military operations in solving conflicts in Nigeria abound around us. It also added a serious threat for Afghan civilians. Kano counts a large number of Christian denominations. Of the three, traditional religions is the least politically active; numbering several hundreds of ethnic groups and subgroups, villages, clans and kin groups; and, involving the worship of different gods and goddesses. It would lead to a bloody and barbaric ethnic civil war that would throw the society further backwards.
Not all Nigerian Muslims who share the same core values of Jihad and Sharia are in agreement with the activities of Boko Haram. These had led to the burning down of 72 villages over between 2002 and the end of 2003. Yet, and despite the precautions taken, divided states remain perennially unstable and many survive on the brink of collapse and disintegration Rabushka and Shepsle 1972. In Nigeria, lives are becoming more unsafe by the day, cases of kidnap and ritual killings in the south eastern part of Nigeria, is yet to be checked by both the state and Federal Governments. Christianity entered the region in the 1840s and grew more rapidly than in any other region.
The following chapter shall therefore review the works of scholars who has contributed immensely to the research. Customary mediation is such an important mechanism which appears to have been effective up-to-now among tradition-bound communities. Further exposition would be given in the research work. First, is cultic violence, Cultism is a means of subtle violence against the collective will of the people who do not belong to the cultic clique. However, you might consider saying a few opening words to get them started. This is what we attempt to do in this section from a historical perspective. Collusion between the state and the media, which is supposed to be the watchdogs of the state, has escalated the level of impunity in state officials operations.