Long-staple cotton, which was easy to separate from its seeds, could be grown only along the coast. Schuyler and others; July 1941— G. Patent and Trademark Office is under the auspices of the Commerce Department. While the gin increased considerably the amount of cotton that could be produced, the relatively low quality of the short-staple cotton fibers, combined with damage caused by Whitney's gin, resulted in the cotton of upland Georgia selling for half the price of long-staple cotton. Cottonseed oil, one of the by-products of cotton production, is commonly used in potato chips and other processed foods. New York: Crown Publishers, 1978.
The McCarthy gin used a reciprocating knife to detach seed from the lint. To demonstrate the spread of cotton as a staple crop after the 1790s, teachers could use this in ten year increments. Within months he created the cotton gin. During the constitutional debates of 1787, an end to the importation of slaves by the year 1808 was one of the compromises agreed to in Philadelphia. Because of how profitable the cotton gin made cotton as a cash crop the demand for slaves continued. While some leaves and branches to accompany the cotton in this process, a majority of the plant is left intact in the ground.
Whitney's troubles were the first test of whether the nation's new patent system could interpret what a patent could and could not protect, and it helped to shape the laws by which the system now operates. However, the new look and design by Eli Whitney, totally mechanized the cotton-cleaning process. The cotton gins that are now used are much larger and more efficient although they still use the same ideas. But slavery, in addition to the cotton gin, was a key component of the cotton business. To date, Greene's role in the invention of the gin has not been verified independently. Ultimately the goal is to separate the lint from the seed.
Within months Whitney had used his familiarity with New England machinery to produce a working cotton gin that could produce up to fifty pounds of cotton daily. While it cannot be stated with certainty that the invention of the cotton gin saved and sustained slavery in the United States, it certainly was a major factor in the spread of slavery into Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Slogans like ' Cotton is King' or ' King Cotton' were popular in the Antebellum South, reflecting the importance of the cotton industry. This, in turn, led to an increase in the number of slaves and slaveholders, and to the growth of a cotton-based agricultural economy in the South. The need for trailers to haul the product to the gin has been drastically reduced since the introduction of modules. Such system gins use air to move cotton from machine to machine. Although he spent many years in court attempting to enforce his patent against planters who made unauthorized copies, a change in patent law ultimately made his claim legally enforceable — too late for him to make much money from the device in the single year remaining before the patent expired.
The most significant of these was the growth of slavery. Whitney created two cotton gins: a small one that could be hand-cranked and a large one that could be driven by a horse or water power. The cotton gin, patented by American-born born inventor in 1794, revolutionized the cotton industry by greatly speeding up the tedious process of removing seeds and husks from cotton fiber. In Department of Interior, Census Office. Often what the Negro actually developed was exploited by the white man by whom he was employed or through whom he endeavored to find recognition.
Cotton as a cash crop became so important that it was known as and affected politics up until the. The way the modern cotton gin works is the same way it worked when it was first invented. To understand the importance of this invention, we need to examine three different aspects of its creation and impact: the invention and patenting process, its economic importance, and its social ramifications. Prior to Whitney's invention, cotton seeds had to be removed by hand or with other primitive tools, making it a tedious and time consuming process. To make the fibers usable, the seeds and fibers must first be separated, a task which had been previously performed manually, with production of cotton requiring hours of labor for the separation. By 1860 approximately one in three Southerners was a slave.
Much much faster than any person could separate cotton seeds from cotton fibers. China still 100% hand picks its cotton harvest as does India. Find out more about this invention, its impact and its inventor. Whitney's cotton gin was a machine consisting of a cylinder that was wound by hand. If the cotton is shipped in modules, the module feeder breaks the modules apart using spiked rollers and extracts the largest pieces of foreign material from the cotton.
While it took a single slave about ten hours to separate a single pound of fiber from the seeds, a team of two or three slaves using a cotton gin could produce around fifty pounds of cotton in just one day. Farmers throughout Georgia resented having to pay what they felt was an exorbitant tax, and opted instead to make their own variations of Whitney's design. The modern cotton ginning process has continued in Georgia and the Southeast and can also be found in the major cotton producing areas of the southwestern United States and overseas. Eli Whitney said himself that he regretted the invention becaus … e of the increased demand for slave labor. Reading information on this web site would allow teachers to launch class discussions about much broader issues, including the ways new technologies create new job opportunities, the ways technologies have changed our working and personal lives, and, again, about the unintended consequences of technological innovations.