Regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999. Any building, structure or services to be retained at site and any adjoining property or services liable to be affected by demolition shall be examined before demolition and any existing cracks or other evidence of damage shall be noted. Falls from height During demolition and dismantling, workers can be injured falling from edges, through openings, fragile surfaces and partially demolished floors. A risk assessment is simply a careful examination of what, in your work, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have enough precautions or whether you should do more. Demolition and dismantling are very risky activities. Worker involvement Everyone involved must to know what precautions are to be taken on site.
Workplaces where employees are involved in taking decisions about health and safety are. Voluntary organisations Health and safety legislation does not, in general, impose duties upon someone who is not an employer, self-employed or an employee. Position of temporary electrical boxes and leads. Removal of such dusts has to be done by wet mopping or by industrial vacuum cleaners. Editing is quick and simple, but if you need more time, there's no hurry to finish your document today - you get 30 days use of the template and online editor to create your document.
Therefore a well defined procedure is necessary that will be strictly followed during the demolition work. The fire safety assessment can be carried out either as a separate exercise or as part of a single risk assessment covering other health and safety risks. A more detailed list of concerns and who is responsible can be found on the. Advice from an occupational physician is recommended. Propping to be inspected by Structural Engineer and approved prior to main demolition of walls.
Demolition work is a high risk construction activity, you can use this Building Demolition Method Statement template to plan a safe system of work. Hazardous chemicals contained in old drums, tanks and pipes Depending on the use of the building a large variety of chemicals could have been stored at or in the building and remains could still be present e. In addition to direct electric shock and possible electrocution, contact with overhead electric lines can lead to a variety of hazards including arcing, explosion or fire causing burns, unpredictable cable whiplash and the electrifying of other objects. Hazardous agents Hazardous chemical and biological agents being part of the building can be present in older buildings as insulation material pipes, valves, boilers, window boxes etc. Dismantling is seen as a partial demolition, i. In thinking through your priorities, think about the biggest or most serious risks first. Consider the headings in the order shown, do not simply jump to the easiest control measure to implement.
Significant risks are those that are not trivial in nature and are capable of creating a real risk to health and safety which any reasonable person would appreciate and would take steps to guard against. Local Authorities Approval: All the requirements of Local and Statutory Authorities regarding notification of demolition works shall be complied. Before work starts, the ground should be surveyed by a person experienced in safe excavation work to establish the type and condition of the ground, especially the presence of water in order to determine a suitable method of support for the sides of the excavation. Fire is a risk where hot work using any tools that generate spark, flame or heat is being done. Identify: Safe means of access and egress to the site and for adjoining buildings and areas such as common use parks. Safe work method statements - Demolition Workplace health and safety have developed a range of approved safe work method statements for the performance of high-risk activities and other work tasks associated with the undertaking of demolition work. The list below sets out the order to follow when planning to reduce risks you have identified in your workplace.
If it is suspected that the structure contains lead based paint, a test for the presence of lead should be conducted. During structural alteration, the fire plan must be kept up to date as the escape routes and fire points may alter. A range of surveys and reports will be needed - for example, to check for presence of asbestos; structural stability of site and nearby structures; the location of above and below ground live services in the work area; etc. During structural alteration, the fire plan must be kept up to date as the escape routes and fire points may alter. It may be necessary for a worker to climb up to where the ball is wedged and free it.
Demolition may affect the public, workers and adjacent structures. If that is not possible the work should be carried out on solid construction that includes a safe means of access and egress. As an employer or a self-employed person, you are responsible for health and safety in your business. A similar approach should be followed where weights cannot be determined with reasonable consistency and accuracy. Asbestos is commonly found in buildings and other structures that are to be demolished and requires contractors or sub-contractors who are specialists in handling it. These are quick and easy tools for low-risk environments eg offices, shops and classrooms. You can delegate the task, but ultimately you are responsible.
In case demolition must not generate dust and noise usually manual processes will be applied. Pushing over, again after pre-weakening, involves use of heavy plant such as crawler-mounted grabs or pushers. The selection of measures has to follow a certain to ensure that the most effective measures like avoidance and substitution are considered first and the least effective ones such as are seen as the last resort. Give priority to measures which protect collectively over individual measures. It may be necessary to cut samples in order to determine the weight per unit length or area. As an employer, however, you must appoint someone competent to help you meet your health and safety duties. The need to work at heights should be limited by performing work from ground level, e.
There must be an effective way to raise the alarm. Most employers will be able to find a way to make adjustments to work that are suitable for their employees. This will then lead to the identification of the necessary including the reassessment of the effectiveness of the already existing measures. The jib is moved sideways and the ball swung against the wall to be demolished. There is the possibility of charges that have not gone off and the structure may not have collapsed the way it was planned and is left hanging in a dangerous state of instability.