Horne, who was dean of students at Fort Valley Junior Industrial Institute now part of Fort Valley State University in Fort Valley, Georgia, and who would later become an adviser to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. After leaving Hollywood, Horne established herself as one of the premier nightclub performers of the post-war era. At age 76 she released her first album in a decade We'll Be Together Again. In 1985, she accepted an award named in his honor from Actors Equity. Horne, a registered Democratic Party member, along with the party committee met President John F. Early life Lena Horne was born in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn.
Presently a divorce suit and countersuit ensued, dragging on for several years. She spent time in Europe where she was received well. Several pages were devoted to Horne. The blacklisting hurt Horne's career and kept her from appearing on radio and television. During the same period she appeared on various television programs, including several performances on the popular Ed Sullivan and Perry Como variety shows, and her own special, Lena in Concert, in 1969. The overall theme of the book was the bigotry she had suffered. However, the decade offered a variety of opportunities for Horne to perform.
Horne was the only black member of the ensemble, and the kind of racial discrimination she encountered from audiences, hotel managers, and others was so unsettling that she decided to quit the band. She refused to play the maid and prostitute roles usually reserved for black actresses of her time, which narrowed her prospects in Hollywood. Lena Mary Calhoun Horne was born on June 30, 1917, in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, her parents separated by the time she was three years old, and she lived for several years with her paternal grandparents. According to an early script, this is how Brewer will be portrayed in the upcoming film , which focuses on the travails of the communist screenwriter whom Horne had once praised. She soon left high school to devote herself to her stage career.
I began to feel depressed about it, wasted emotionally. Scottron; she was an actress with a black theatre troupe and traveled extensively. Viewed from the outside, there were two more: the one who had an impressive career and was a seemingly model freedom fighter; but also the one who could have done so much more, yet, capitalizing on light skin color and great looks, truckled to white society. My skin has grown around it. That self-knowledge was never more evident than when she starred in her one-woman Broadway show, Lena Horne: The Lady and Her Music, in 1981. In the early 1950s, Horne, along with many of her colleagues, was a victim of the anti-Communist witch hunts that successfully blacklisted performers who were thought to have ties to Communist organizations or activities. James Haskins with Kathleen Benson, Lena: A Biography of Lena Horne Chelsea, Mich.
Much has changed since the 16-year old who was Lena Horne danced her first tentative steps across the stage of the Cotton Club. Lena Horne's father, Teddy Horne, was a gambler who left his wife and daughter. She headlined at clubs and hotels throughout the U. As the Rosenbergs were awaiting execution for stealing nuclear secrets for the Soviets, Arstein rallied a group to protest at the Truman White House. She appeared in several musicals for the studio, including Cabin in the Sky 1943 , Stormy Weather 1943 , Broadway Rhythm 1944 , Ziegfeld Follies 1946 , Duchess of Idaho 1950 , and The Wiz 1978.
Army refused to allow integrated audiences, she wound up putting on a show for a mixed audience of black U. In 1939 she had a role in the musical revue Blackbirds of 1939 at the Hudson Theatre in New York City; it ran for only eight nights. By the spring of 1946, Horne was accepting an award from the New Masses Dinner Committee and speaking at a meeting honoring the Soviet writer Konstantin Simonov, sponsored by the Hollywood Writers Mobilization. Horne poses with the cast of the film Cabin in the Sky in 1943. Horne left Jones in 1940, taking a job as a singer with Charlie Barnet's band and going out on tour with him. In 1937 Horne married minor politician Louis Jones, by whom she had a daughter and a son they separated in 1940 and divorced in 1944.
Long regarded as a champion of African American causes, he was now just as effusive when it came to the Soviet Union. Music is just a part of her story. Lena Horne June 30, 1917 — May 9, 2010 American Masters — Lena Horne: In My Own Voice was broadcast in 1996. The show ran for two years and was a tremendous success--so much so that Horne was given a special Tony Award for her performance. Horne was mainly raised by her grandparents, Cora Calhoun and Edwin Horne. By the mid-1950s, though, Horne was cleared of these charges. The refusal of a 3 a.
In 1982 she took the production on a very successful cross-country tour. Newspapers teemed with headlines about communist spies stealing U. Aged 18, she moved in with her father in Pittsburgh, staying in the city's Little Harlem for almost five years and learning from native Pittsburghers Billy Strayhorn and Billy Eckstine, among others. That show garnered many awards, including the Drama Desk award, a citation from the New York Drama Critics' Circle, a special Tony Award, and two Grammy Awards for the show's soundtrack. Kennedy at the White House two days before he was assassinated. Her strong sense of her own identity, of justice, and of dignity forced her to struggle against social adversity, and allowed her to triumph. In the same year she appeared in a nonsinging role in the western Death of a Gunfighter.
McCarthyism was sweeping through Hollywood, and Horne soon found herself blacklisted, believed to be due in part to her friendship with actor Paul Robeson, who was also blacklisted. After all, this is America and you cannot insult people like that. The summer of 1941, found Horne moving to California. In that kind of climate, how could Lena Horne survive? All this time, collective memories of the Soviet Union as a wartime ally were fading fast. Due to the Red Scare and her left-leaning political views, Horne found herself blacklisted and unable to get work in Hollywood. Her strong sense of her own identity, of justice, and of dignity forced her to struggle against social adversity, and allowed her to triumph. The University of Pennsylvania is altogether too career-minded.