Review the footnote for accuracy. Follow the parenthesis with a comma and the page number you are referring to. King of Hearts: The True Story of the Maverick Who Pioneered Open Heart Surgery. Provide the appropriate note after the space. If the information or quote you are referencing in an academic paper or book comes from a source, you will need to give your reader the necessary information to look up the information in that source.
Footnotes and Endnotes are used to give credit to sources of any material borrowed, summarized or paraphrased. Examples of first Footnotes or Endnotes, subsequent Footnotes or Endnotes, and listings on Works Cited or References page: Reference from the Bible, Catechism, or Sacred Texts: Example in text: An interesting reference was made to the picking of corn on the Sabbath. Distinguish multiple works by the same author with shortened titles. Citations in endnotes follow the same rules as for footnotes. To insert a superscript and add an endnote, use Microsoft Word that has a corresponding function under the References tab in Insert. A number note will automatically be inserted into the text wherever your cursor is and you will be taken to the same note number on the endnotes page, where you can enter the citation information. This example is an endnote citing endnote number 6 on page 95: 1.
Not prohibited by standard educational policies. Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the endnote mark at the end of the document. Number Footnotes and Endnotes consecutively using a superscript, e. Provide complete information the first time you cite a work. They may be used for two reasons: 1 to provide the reader with additional information or explanation, or 2 to list several sources consulted but not referred to in the text, or provide commentary on a source. The Modern Language Association does not require the use of extra features like footnotes or endnotes. If you are an academic or professional, plagiarism will result in, at best, the rejection of your manuscript, and at worst disciplinary action.
Beyond Page Numbers Sometimes it happens that a source does not use page numbers. Footnotes Inserting Footnotes Footnotes are normally inserted at the end of a sentence or clause. Leave one space between the superscript number and the entry. Endnotes and footnotes are not used to cite an outside source. Put down the word Notes in the center of the page.
It is okay to have no desire to read endless writing guides just to find out how to cite and reference sources. All first Endnote references must be cited in full. By contrast, for many classic literary works you will have to familiarize yourself with how a work is customarily cited. Start with the name of the article, then the name of the journal, then list the database where the journal is housed. Though endnotes are less commonly used in student or academic papers than in-line citations or footnotes, they are quite common in books, where they make for a cleaner page.
In a Bibliography, each citation consists of a minimum of three statements or sentences, hence each entry requires a minimum of three periods, e. Use the author-page method for parenthetical citations. Separate each element with a comma, then add a period after the page number. If you have questions, consult with your teacher. For the author, omit first names and remove references to contributor roles e.
Subsequent citation of this same quote: 10 Catechism 360. First Footnote or Endnote example: Miller, G. Prepare to Insert the Footnote Review your word-processing program to find out about how to insert footnotes. For two different ways to format your endnotes, read on! Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. The correct format for a bibliographic entry is similar to an endnote. More specifically, does the original material have two or more authors? The main difference between Footnotes and Endnotes is that Footnotes are placed numerically at the foot of the very same page where direct references are made, while Endnotes are placed numerically at the end of the essay on a separate page entitled Endnotes or Notes. Although many professionally typeset books are designed with a variety of font sizes for different elements text, headers, notes, and so on , such variation is unnecessary for manuscript preparation.
See Blackmore and Fright 51-58, Lawson 19-25, Johnson 41-62. Provide the appropriate note after the space. Proper citations allow readers to look up the quotes and ideas you used in context, to see if they agree with your interpretation. Do not indent second and subsequent lines. The most common methods used to notate sources are endnotes and footnotes. Never put a note number before a period, comma, or quotation mark.
Remember to put the Endnotes page before the Bibliography, or Works Cited, or References page. Additional lines within a single endnote should be flush with the left hand margin. In cases where the surname of the author is not known, it is appropriate to list titles alphabetically. Place a period and a space after each endnote number. Endnotes allow you to show the reader that you have considered all of the major arguments regarding your given topic, or if you have not, allows them to easily see which authors you have failed to consider. Our professional academic writing team will provide more than examples of endnotes - they can write a whole paper from scratch based on your requirements.