A study of the important concepts of Sociology will convince us that this science is of immense value. They can also join as District Probation Officer or Parole Officer. Perhaps they assume that exactness of conclusions and capacity to predict alone makes a study scientific. Research notes, essays and literature reviews would be ideally published as soon as possible after acceptance. It also studies the main forms of social groups, institutions and their classifications. The focus of Sociology is on Socialness.
Spencer, because of such contributions, occupies the foremost place in the biological school of Sociology. Tonnies, Vier Kandt, Simmel and Max Weber have also greatly influenced the development of sociology. Sociologists are prepared for jobs that facilitate large-scale planning of public projects because of their training in research and data analysis. Max Weber: Max Weber an eminent German sociologist expresses his own viewpoint on the scope of sociology. To study of society, life, relationship and behavior is the subject matter of sociology. This also comprehends the study of social structure or a description of the main forms of social groups or institutions as well as their classification. Social life is so complex that division of labour is needed to study it.
Without the research done in the theoretical and experimental sciences modern techniques for curing disease or those for bridge-building would be impossible. Scope Of Sociology There are two schools of thought with different viewpoints regarding scope and subject matter of sociology- formal school and synthetic school. No sociologist has been able to develop a pure sociology so far. He studied division of labour as a social institution — a collectivity wherein the multiplicity о individuals secure social coherence. He is the profounder of systematic study.
The other group maintains that the field of social investigation is too wide for any one science and that if any progress is to be made there must be specialisation and division and insists that in addition to special social sciences such as Economics, Anthropology, History etc. These definitions indicate that sociologists differ from one another in their views on sociology. According to Simmel sociology is a specific social science which describes, classifies, and analyses the forms of social relationships or in other words social interactions should be classified into various forms or types. Change in culture and in social structure constitutes major area of study developed in sociology. At the same time, many of these traditions — often pursued by sociologists working outside of sociology departments — share underlying theories and methods such as those of organizational sociology, systems theory, actor-network-theory, and so on.
Sociology is sure to progress and develop like other social sciences in due course. In addition to working for city or state organizations, a sociologist interested in this sector might seek employment at the U. What Is The nature And scope Of Sociology? Clearly, Sociology has both social and individual advantages. Sociology essentially and fundamentally deals with that network of social relationships we call society. Tonnies divided societies into two categories namely Gemeinschaft community and Gesellschaft association on the basis of degree of intimacy among the members of the society. No science can be studied in complete isolation from the other sciences. Sociology studies the same phenomena from sociological point of view.
They have an important role to play in different spheres of social life. Our goal is to make sociological research more relevant and effective within professional, policy and public forms of engagement, by solving rather than just explaining or describing social problems. Society has form and content — according to him and there can be no society without form and content and they can be separated i. It may be stated that this view is totally incorrect and today Sociology is not only a separate science with subject-matter of its own but it has also acquired that high status which entitles it to be called the mother of all social sciences. Need for a Science of Sociology: The most distinctive feature of human life is its social character.
It becomes difficult to study a science systematically unless its boundary or scope is determined precisely. Some critical remarks may be cited here: Firstly, the formalistic school has unreasonably narrowed the field of sociology. Thus, History is the record of unique events relating to man; Economics is concerned with his activities relating to production and consumption of wealth; Political Science deals with his political activities and institutions; Anthropology studies his activities and institutions as they existed in times long past; Psychology is interested in the springs of human action, the impulses and motives that sustain mental and bodily activity and regulate human conduct. This school had George Simmel, Ferdinand Tonnies, Alfred Vierkantt and Leopard Von Wiese as its main advocates. Thus, the etymological meaning of 'Sociology' is the 'science of society'.
Generally, however, it is defined as a science of society. The journal would actively encourage the emergence of these local iterations of civic sociology from the start. Sociology also impresses upon us the necessity of overcoming narrow personal prejudices, egoistic ambitions and class hatred. In studying social relationships, the sociologists attempt to discover the evolution of society, its systems and structures, the development of social institutions and their functions, the customs and rules regulating social relationships, the groups and communities formed by man throughout history, the nature and interdependence of these groups lice family, case, economic groups, religious groups etc. To cut short, the value free principle treats the natural sciences as a model or pattern for social knowledge which implies that the exact methods of natural sciences should be transferred to Sociology in order to really make a scientific discipline.