The Industrial Revolution and French Revolutions bittersweet consequences… 1040 Words 5 Pages While there were political and social causes of The French Revolution the most important cause was actually economic. Traditional religious belief began to lose its place as an unquestioned dogma. The overall industrial growth rate was fixed at 8 percent per annum for the eighth plan. For example, Europe and many other countries have a different money system. They were a prosperous group of people and led luxurious lives. Cotton Gin patented the cotton gin short for cotton engine in 1794.
The oligarchical ownership of the means of production that characterized the Industrial Revolution in the early to mid-19th century gave way to a wider distribution of ownership through purchase of common by individuals and by institutions such as insurance companies. They lived in great hardship and were exploited by the factory owners. . During this time, countries gradually shifted from a primarily agrarian society to one of machine industry and manufacture. Great Britain England Started in textile cloth industry. The Way Things Were For hundreds of years, life in Europe focused on agriculture.
As industries grew, the industrialized nations of Europe were faced with two crucial concerns. You have read that the Industrial Revolution led to a tremendous increase in the production of goods. The actual average rate of growth during the seventh plan worked out at 8. The new machinery was expensive, and businessmen setting up even modest factories had to accumulate substantial capital through partnerships, loans from banks, or joint-stock ventures. Notes on Realism Realism Important themes: Realism was an artistic and cultural movement that occurred simultaneously with late Romanticism. Important Thinkers, Philosophers and Scientists: Louis Pasteur 1822-1895 : a French scientist who discovered the organisms invisible to the naked eye.
Britain had a vast supply of mineral resources used to run industrial machines, such as coal. Prior to the French Revolution, France was radically different. The British could not last forever, especially since some Britons saw profitable industrial opportunities abroad, while continental European businessmen sought to lure British know-how to their countries. When it comes to such big and wide subject as the Industrial revolution, it is of course very difficult to write and understand it all. Inventions such as the spinning jenny, flying-shuttle, water-frame, power-loom and cotton-gin greatly increased cloth production. Prior to the creation of the phonograph the only option for entertainment was for live musicians or actors to perform. It was a period of time from around 1750 to 1914 where machines began to be manufactured.
Most people were illiterate, and there were no telephones, lights or cars. By the middle of the 19th century downtown areas in big cities began to transform themselves with new roads and buildings to accommodate the growth. In Paris, the , introduced in the 1830s, ushered in an age of big business in the trading sector. This was the main reason for the establishment of colonies n Asia, Africa and Americas by the European countries. Rising agricultural production and market specialization were central to the growth of cities and factories. Internal Combustion Engine Jean Lenoir invented the internal combustion engine in 1858. He was not a socialist or champion of the working class.
Craft have argued that there was a gradual evolution in industrial sectors rather than a sudden revolution. The Industrial Revolution made some major impacts on British society, including the rise of factories, urbanization, humanitarian problems, and improvements in transportation. Important artists The Painters of Modern Life : Rosa Bonheur 1822-1899 : a successful painter of the working class who painted her rural themes using direct observation from life. The machines was first introduced by England for producing cloth. He described human nature and behavior in scientific rather than religious terms and had a profound impact on social thought and art.
Eventually child labor laws were created to put restrictions on child labor exploiters; the lives of children lost were not lost in vein. Small shops replaced itinerant peddlers in villages and small towns. Forged iron and milled steel began to replace wood, brick and stone as primary materials for large buildings. People started to discover faster methods of producing goods, which increased their economy. Rich merchants set up factories, installed newly invented machines, bought the raw material and employed workers on fixed wages to make goods on machines. Factories needed workers, and often time children were resorted to as cheap employees.
Marx's views, published in The Communist Manifesto 1848 , responded to the grim conditions of the poor and working classes under unregulated capitalism in the 19th century. Britain's merchant marine could transport goods to foreign markets. Before that people had let the land lay fallow or unused for a season or grow clover on it to add nutrients. Many people work in terrible environments. The textile industry was the first to be mechanized. Political domination of less developed countries solved these two problems. Instant communication became possible between the east and west coasts and allowed people to know what was happening almost as it happened.