Sexual activity among adolescents is a major problem confronting the nation and the world. By age 30, only about 1. For example, 68% of white females report having had sex at age 20, compared to 54% of white males. This problem could not be solved by single sectors of society. As we will see below, large disparities persist in income and schooling across these groups, and Cape Town continues to be highly residentially segregated.
What do you think are the factors driving teenage pregnancy? To control their own reproduction: the agenda of black teenage mothers in Durban. Teenage motherhood is very high in South Africa. In order for every girl to achieve her full human potential, how can the entire country be engaged to initiate a change in mindset in Kenya? Yet we are shocked at the increasing numbers of teens who are sexually active. This provides a more direct measure of learning skills than grade attainment alone, and provides information about the educational differences taking place in a country where school enrollment and educational attainment are high for all groups. As a result teenage pregnancy has become an issue as it has been defined as a family problem rather than anything else. As shown in , these scores are strong predictors of grade advancement through secondary school between 2002 and 2005. Cape Town: Oxford University Press Rainey, D.
Engaging in multiple sexual partnerships could increase the vulnerability of young people to sexually transmitted infections or teenage pregnancies. More recently there have been a few studies linking education to sexual and reproductive behaviors in developing countries considering both the timing of events and additional variables characterizing the educational process. Abortion, Adolescence, Birth control 2274 Words 7 Pages Teenage Pregnancy Teenage pregnancy is a huge issue going on in the United States. The earlier sexual initiation of African girls compared to coloured girls may be influenced by the fact that African schools are more forgiving in terms of grade repetition and school disruption caused by pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy is a big part of this problem.
A surprising result in our regressions is that the number of grades completed by 14-16 year-olds has a positive impact on sexual debut of both boys and girls, controlling for age and other characteristics. Eds , The politics of pregnancy: adolescent sexuality and public policy pp. In a recent study in rural South Africa, confirm that childbearing impedes school enrollment and schooling, but young mothers can succeed in their educational careers if provided with flexible child care options. Without a robust response from all stakeholders, the Philippines is on track toward a full-blown, national teenage pregnancy crisis. One problem with most past studies is that the data generally do not provide information on the sequencing of events. Given household participation, response rates for young adults were 93% in African areas, 88% in coloured areas, and 86% in white areas. The effects of attitudes on teenage premarital pregnancy and its resolution.
She suggested that conditional cash payments could be one way to curb drop outs in the schooling system. Several studies have found that lack of communication between parents and their children exacerbates the problem. The Department noted that this report would be presented to Cabinet, a series of provincial discussions would take place and it would bring together key stakeholders. The estimates imply that a girl with one additional grade completed in 2002, given her age, is 6. The Department also promoted community-based interventions, the rolling out of adolescent friendly services, promoting open communication between parents and children and increasing the coverage in the media with a distinct focus on pregnancy.
South African laws also seek to protect the identity of pregnant students — but it is nearly impossible to keep their medical condition a secret for long, often putting teachers in delicate positions. . The 34% attrition rate for whites includes both migration out of Cape Town including out of South Africa and a significant number of refusals. Unpublished master's thesis, Fort Hare University Kulin, H. Overall, gives little evidence that attrition is significantly related to baseline sexual behavior, schooling, or household characteristics. As seen in , the original Wave 1 sample included roughly equal numbers of African and coloured respondents, as was planned in the sample design.
Pregnancy is common among adolescents in South Africa, yet the social experiences of adolescents during the pregnancy and postpartum period remain understudied in this context. African women who had a pregnancy at age 15 completed almost two additional grades of schooling between age 15 and 20. Dr Panday added that poverty was a very complex issue. Washington: National Academies Press; 2005. African males show the biggest discrepancy from that distribution.
Unpublished master's thesis, University of the Free State Bodibe, C. In retrospective reports of 22-25 year-olds, 19% of coloured women and 15% of African women report having been pregnant by age 17. Abortion, Adolescence, Childbirth 828 Words 3 Pages our teenage life especially our maturity. Template analysis style was combined with content analysis using open coding according to Tesch's approach for data analysis. To raise public awareness about teenage pregnancy, a global problem, World Population Day this year had a special focus on the topic.
Edward Senzo Mchunu, the education chief for KwaZulu-Natal, warns that the high rate of pregnancy in his province is threatening to take on monstrous proportions and we cannot sit back and do nothing. Coloured girls who become pregnant are 22 percentage points more likely to drop out, while African girls who become pregnant are 12 percentage points more likely to drop out. There was no version in Xhosa, the home language of most African respondents. There has also been empirical evidence in Sub-Saharan Africa showing that girls appear vulnerable to dropping out of school once they become sexually mature and engage in premarital sex. There was no control over where and how terminations were being carried out, which was why the data was unreliable. Psychological Reports, 75, 839— 842 Ntombela, B. The notion of rights is central.
The importance of examining the interaction of educational achievement with sexual debut and pregnancy is that the timing and order of these transitions may have important effects on subsequent transitions in schooling, employment, and family formation. Abortion, Adolescence, Birth control 1485 Words 3 Pages decisions about school, work and relationships as other teenagers must make. The mean of the sexual debut variable for males is fairly similar to that of females — 58% for Africans, 33% for coloureds, and 32% for whites. Staggering facts support this call for concern. New York: Population Council; 2007. Pregnant girls and young parents in South African school. Abortion, Adolescence, Poverty 842 Words 3 Pages Dr.