Here are some quotes which I found particularly wonderful: - In our time i This was an insightful and relevant lesson about the usage and analysis of English language in the Political context. It is often easier to make up words of this kind deregionalize, impermissible, extramarital, non-fragmentary and so forth than to think up the English words that will cover one's meaning. There could be no better weapon to question and to check those in power by a citizen, than a clear, well-constructed thought which is a precedent to the right action, Orwell seems to say. As the title so aptly describes, this concerns the politics surrounding the usage of the modern English language. Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly? People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: this is called elimination of unreliable elements.
The essay, in its entirety, can be found here: This essay measures in at just 24 pages and yet manages to convey so much in it's punchy and impactful style. In the first of the 5 examples he had cited of clumsy passages there were some nonsense usage, avoidable clumsiness adding to the overall sloppiness. Orwell considers that a frightful loss of meaning is happening because of such poor experiments with language. Orwell stats that one must not use foreign words, or use verbal false limbs And the use of meaningless words He wants the English used to be assessable, concise. In the world of politicians, people who make errors of judgement should not have any influence, so they avoid telling the truth, if not actually telling lies. According to Orwell, this trend in language undermines the political process and allows governments to repress citizens and cloak violent or illegal acts in pleasant and agreeable words and phrases. Many political words are similarly abused.
The writing is superbly clear and direct, the ideas are fresh - still after so much time - and inspiring, and these essays are a reminder of why Orwell is such a revered figure in literature. I also rate 'Why I Write', collected here, extremely highly - that's pretty much why I write, too. A scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus: What am I trying to say? Orwell explains four common sins of poor writing. He expected German, Russian and Italian languages to have suffered a similar damage because of political dictatorship. What am I trying to say? It is easier -- even quicker, once you have the habit -- to say In my opinion it is not an unjustifiable assumption that than to say I think. Adulteration is resulting in dilution of meaning and a lack of soul and voice.
Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectification of frontiers. It is generally easier for writers to create new combinations than seek the right English words and what it results into is loss of meaning. Secondly, to show to others that knowledge which we have attained; which is to counsel and teach one another. . The thesis of this essay can be divided into two portions which co-exist throughout the essay and are frequently used to support each other. Orwell says that this decline is self-perpetuating. From start to finish of his essay, Orwell analyzes the mistakes, bad habits, inability to express meaning in writing pieces.
But the drug is not working in the same way with the parents: their faces are not showing the same high spirit as their children. Sentence 2 : I was ashamed of myself while reading this essay. This guide deals with language - spoken or written - and how to express oneself clearly in words. Democracy is often associated with a positive meaning whereas fascism is associated with a negative meaning. They are a little below the average, but are fairly representative samples.
The great enemy of clear language is insincerity. Recognising that is essential when reading this essay. He was born of, a normal British. Other words used in variable meanings, in most cases more or less dishonestly, are: class, totalitarian, science, progressive, reactionary, bourgeois, equality. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language.
The reason that I haven't included them in this review is because it take the rules out of context. Such words have however been effective at evoking an understating between the senders and recipients. Politics and the English Language. Orwell also writes that we are caught in the habit of using certain phrases that have entered our language simply because they are easily understood and just roll of the tongue and also make you look cultured and erudite and in more cases than not; a bit of a bellend. This has played a significant role in typifying all the wrong habits that have contributed to the decline of the English language Orwell 1946. Pretentious Diction - foreign phrases as well as words derived from Latin or Greek used to dress up simple statements, giving them a sense of impartiality, and making them sound grander and high-minded.
With poor language skills come poor thinking skills, making it easier for people to be manipulated by warped language. The keynote is the elimination of simple verbs. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes. Bad writing occurs because the writer is rushed and lazy. The culture the text is aimed at would mostly have to be those that speak the English Language where English is the native language.
If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration: so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous and is not the exclusive concern of professional writers. He states it so clearly that it's surprising how anyone could think otherwise. Words such as fascism and democracy are among those words due to their lack of a concrete meaning. Simple conjunctions and prepositions are replaced by such phrases as with respect to, the fact that, in view of, in the interests of, on the hypothesis that; and the ends of sentences are saved from anti-climax by such refunding commonplaces as greatly to be desired, cannot be left out of account, a development to be expected in the near future, deserving of serious consideration, brought to a satisfactory conclusion, etc. Probably it is better to put off using words as long as possible and get one's meaning as clear as one can through pictures and sensations. These words include phrases such as romance, sentimental, and vivid; words that do not refer to any discoverable objects or items. Orwell with his sharp wit and influential prose has given us enough food for thought to mull over.
The Insert contains the reading passages for use with all questions on the Question Paper. Meanwhile, here are four specimens of the English language as it is now habitually written. He makes it quite clear that where one cannot think clear and needs a guidance, then the rules must be followed. There was also strong unfreedom in the classroom despite the claims of democracy, liberty etc. Many times writers use incompatible ones together which shows their lack of interest in creating something meaningful and coherent. He says that if you think if writing a big, complicated word but there is a plain simple English version of the word, you should use the simple version, e.