First, it should seek guarantees that Islamist movements would respect a broad range of universal democratic values as outlined in the U. This requires developing incentives to advance reform in implementing the rule of law. An unemployed person is defined as an individual who does not have a job but is actively seeking work. Are there any respected opposition leaders, either in Libya or abroad, who could step into the power vacuum at least temporarily? Roots of unrest: The Palestinian territories have not seen the kind of demonstrations as in many Arab countries, but the Fatah leaders of the Palestinian Authority have been under criticism since Al-Jazeera published secret papers claiming to reveal that Palestinian officials were prepared to make wide-ranging concessions in negotiations with Israel. Another factor that has contributed to the current stalemate is the sad status of the opposition to Gadhafi. If Al Qaeda continues to be opposed to democracy and uses violence to oppose democratic change, they will likely further marginalize themselves and be viewed as a threat to newly democratic states in the Middle East as much as they are in the United States. Roots of unrest: Protesters have called for President Ismail Omar Guelleh -- whose family has ruled the country since its independence from France in 1977 -- to step down ahead of elections scheduled in April.
Protesters complained about high unemployment, corruption, rising prices and political repression. More airstrikes will be required — with the risk of civilian casualties — and more importantly the rebels will have to be trained and armed. The political stalemate is impeding the implementation of much-needed economic reform, which triggered credit rating downgrades by key ratings agencies in recent weeks. The reason that this issue is so important to the global stage is because of the effects that social unrest; riots and protests have on individual states. Last week, the Iranian regime arrested the two key leaders of the Green Movement and their wives. Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh rejected demands Monday that he step aside, comparing the anti-government protests to a virus sweeping through the region. None of the proper conditions for such exist in many states, and careful political evolution is the only road to stability in the others.
This briefing helps set the stage for a better understanding of the underlying causes of unrest by surveying some of the key statistics and data on the key trends in demographics, economics, internal security and justice systems, governance, and social change, and showing how they affect both the region and differ by individual nation. The leading political parties in the current Iraqi government are Islamist. Major financial institutions in Dubai and Bahrain display in their offices large maps specifying important ruling family members of the Gulf States, including their marital, government, and business affiliations Al-Qassemi. The Bahrain Center for Human Rights said authorities launched a clampdown on dissent in late 2010. Some of these comparisons speak for themselves in showing how untrustworthy such systems area a substitute for looking at the details of how given countries do or do not meet given challenges. There are people in the wider Islamic world, Pakistan for example, who saw this as a golden opportunity to score points with voters.
First, there is massive economic frustration due to the global economic criss that has also effected this region in dire ways producing rising unemployment and poverty. First, the new wave of uprisings that started in Tunisia, then moving to Egypt, Bahrain and now to Libya have eliminated two of the Kingdom's closest regional allies, Ben Ali of Tunisia and Hosni Mubarack of Egypt. Yemen has experienced civil war twice, and repeated rebellions, and given the weakness of the state and the prevelance of weapons, together with the escalating demands of the opposition which now insists on Saleh's resignation, which is unlikely , it is hard to be optimistic. Egypt and Tunisia have not been models for how we deal with Yemen or Bahrain, nor should they be. The extremist narrative is more attractive when hopelessness settles in and politicians have little to offer in terms of vision or a credible plan of action. To help you make sense of it, msnbc. For all practical purposes, the opposition in Libya is seeking to overthrow the established government and create a new political order.
None can be solved in a few months or years. Yemen's opposition front brings together leaders of the Islamist Islah party and leaders of the Yemeni Socialist Party, and that presents Yemen's ruling party with a pretty formidable opponent. Some higher education courses are expected to be fee-paying and secondary education will be means-tested. Museums throughout the Gulf exhibit lineage maps demonstrating the family trees of ruling members. Despite the bloody crackdown, protesters have gained momentum and have been joined by high-level government officials and army officers who have defected.
Government officials say such protests are not unusual and that the protesters' demands are on the agenda of most political parties. He has a well-entrenched security force that has ruled the country for more than four decades and has no compunction to use Draconian methods to silence opponents. He has an air force that provides protection for his ground troops and is willing to inflict casualties on the opposition. They show that far better data are needed in key areas like unemployment and underemployment, income distribution, the efficiency of the state sector, barriers to growth and economic development, the size and function security forces and police, and quality of governance. The Middle East and North Africa have the highest youth unemployment rates, where one in four young people are unemployed, which drives social unrest. They have declared their intention to set up a transitional government as well. The Drunkard and the Lamp Post: Failing Update Metrics and Analysis to Measure What Actually Counts All this shows that far better data are needed in key areas like unemployment and underemployment, income distribution, the efficiency of the state sector, barriers to growth and economic development, the size and function security forces and police, and quality of governance.
There may not be full clarity about the full implications of the changes underway until the latter part of this decade. In Saudi Arabia, 11 princes were sent to prison for protesting against a royal decree that ordered the state to stop paying their water and electricity bills. As war rages on in Syria and Egypt struggles with growth and democratic transition, the fragility of the economies and governments in the Arab world has become clear. To pick up a newspaper today or to go on the Internet is to encounter lots of things that are potentially insulting. The awakening and possible empowerment of Bahraini Shi'ias could energize Saudi Arabia's own restless Shi'ia population in the Kingdom's oil rich provinces, which are estimated to constitute about 10 percent of the population.
Thousands demonstrated Sunday in towns across the country, according to Human Rights Watch. They are currently being held at an undisclosed location. President Bashar al-Assad also gave a rare interview to Western media, telling The Wall Street Journal last month that he planned reforms that would allow local elections and included a new media law and more power for private organizations. The leading Islamist extremist groups lack a common strategy and remain sharply at odds with one another over matters of strategy, tactics, and operations. On Friday, riot police charged the crowd after the call to evening prayers, shooting canisters of tear gas at the demonstrators, according to Aly Verjee, director of the international election observation mission to Djibouti, who witnessed the event. A second straight day of demonstrations occurred on Saturday in Sulaibiya, just north of Kuwait City, according to witnesses and a government official. Do you consider such an allied intervention likely and, if so, what form do you think it would take? His armed forces are larger, better-trained and better-equipped.
What do you make of all of this? I think the general consensus is that they represent maybe 20 to 30 percent of the populace. Third, in order to pre-empt any possible uprising or rebellion of the type witnessed in Cairo and elsewhere, the Kingdom is trying to ride the crest of the political wave by announcing a series of new financial benefits specifically designed to appease the youth and the unemployed. The most radical Islamists view democracy as anathema to their agenda, yet the people of the region widely support democratic political reforms according to public opinion polls. In Libya, tribal affiliation… 2011 Words 9 Pages vulnerable states in the Middle East and North Africa have undergone waves of debilitating conflict. The charts and tables show just how many variations exist in basic data on factors such as the size of given economies, per capita incomes, populations, and population growth rates. Some key societal factors affecting a remarkably young population remain unmeasured.