The bureaucratic structures of all political systems are not similar and can never be similar. For example, if Megan found room for a fifth sale rep on her team, she should look to recruit and place a new sales rep based on a person's ability to successfully perform the duties of the position. Development of and technologies make more efficient administration possible, and and rationalization of culture results in demands for. Hence if a problem occurs then the management cannot take immediate actions but has to wait for the decision of the top level manager. Many authors have questioned the validity of bureaucracy. Some people have been found to exercise authority simply by virtue of certain qualities. So we have to acknowledge that a bureaucratic organisation is not the only way of rationalising institutions in the modern context.
The efficiency in bureaucratic organisation comes through rationality and predictability of behaviour because everyone knows the consequence of his action become actually the action is undertaken. However, the weakness of division of labour is that workers may be unhappy with their work, although the tasks they are assigned to are simple. What are the pros and cons of working in a bureaucracy? All the bureaucrats are bound to obey two things —one is the direction of higher authority and the other is the law. It has come to mean anorganization in which procedure takes precedence over action, andwhere operations are obstructed by unnecessary c … ontrols andpaperwork colloquially red tape. A senior officer can definitely claim higher rank and suitable position. This will help the organization to achieve high efficiency in their operation. This division is, again, not imaginary at all.
Some bureaucracies have been criticized as being inefficient, convoluted, or too inflexible to individuals. Critics say that Weber was quite aware of it but he did not raise his voice. A policy and procedures manual is a good example of formal records. Similarly, the items that are used in the offices belong to the office itself and not the person working in it. His ideal bureaucracy is to achieve rationality.
Scalar chain also facilitates delegation as authority moves from higher to lower levels. It has been termed as rational and ideal leading to efficiency. Big business houses and government departments use this type of organisation. Also, it does not allow for individual development as workers are expected to follow the established routine. Bureaucratic theory At the end of the 19th century, it was German sociologist and author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 1905 , who was the first to use and describe the term bureaucracy.
The ideal type does not possess certain special characteristics which are always fixed, under special circumstances few qualities are suggested that make bureaucracy an ideal type. As a result, it offers lifetime employment. An ordinary clerk can manipulate the situation. In other words, law is all in all. This way, an employee will work on things with which he or she has experience and knows how to do well. Going beyond your responsibilities and taking on tasks of colleagues is not permitted within a bureaucracy.
Conclusion: Max Weber refined the structure to a more stable, organized and easy-to-operate framework to avoid the that Americans now associated with the. If they are to give any explanation they can do it to their higher authority. Division of jobs into specific categories creates water tight compartments amongst the jobs and complicates their control and coordination. These departments are led by experts and specialists. The employees do not develop belongingness to the organisation. But these two authors have not forgot to take note of the contribution made by Weber. For a capitalist state no other form of administration is more suitable than this.
Using the example of the Catholic Church, he pointed out that bureaucracy is only appropriate for an organization whose code of conduct is not subject to change. It overemphasizes superior- subordinate relationships unnecessarily which is detrimental to congenial organisational climate. Each lower unit is controlled by the higher unit and, thus, control is facilitated throughout the organisation. He has emphasised that bureaucratic type of power is the ideal one. Modern organisations operate in the dynamic environment and constantly interact with the environment to survive in the long-run. Max Weber is believed to be one of the biggest influences in political science, philosophy and sociology. No other form of authority charismatic and traditional is legitimate.
Every act of theirs must be supported by law. All authority within the Han Government resided with the Emperor,who was the supreme ruler. Rules maintain uniformity and coordination amongst actions of organisational members. There must be a well-defined hierarchy of authority with clear lines of authority and control concentrated at the top. This affects personal growth and development of employees.
Bureaucracy is a model of structural organization which is designed to execute tasks efficiently. Applicants must meet the requirement and once they get in they will be monitored for evaluation purposes. But David Held offers us an opposite and at the same time real picture. Can patients be seen as a list of symptoms? There is optimum utilisation of human resources. The majority of modern bureaucratic officials and political leaders represent this type of authority. He was again a prominent sociologist and he built up the theory of bureaucracy in the light of sociology.
Depersonalisation of management functions results in uniformity of operations and fair and equal treatment of all the workers. Bureaucratic organisation is the antithesis of ad hoc, temporary, and temporary and unstable relations. People want to work in open and interactive environment and use their innovative abilities at the work place but organisation over emphasises rules and regulations. So there is merit based selection rather than Nepotism. This may involve the creation of distinct semi-autonomous entities, such as the separate departments of a large corporation, or simply detailed and consistent job descriptions. What is a bureaucratic organization? Kriager laments this shortcoming of Weberian analysis.