Most delinquents also come from the areas where cinema houses and hotels are located. Before coming of age girls and boys have less understanding of the world. Further, each delinquent has to be considered individually focussing attention on the fulfillment of his needs for power, prestige and recognition. Here, the delinquent act is mainly tinged with compulsive behaviour, such as stealing things which one actually does not need, or compelled to do. Children of divorced parents often face emotional conflicts regarding their allegiance to either one or both of their parents.
Child neglect and abuse can be described by this theory, and often is, because of its elements and the effect it has on children. The gap in communication and lack of understanding between the father and the child paves the way for anti-social behaviour in the form of anguish, aggression and hostility. Serious delinquency and drug use are major problems in American society. It cannot, however, be presumed that mere companionship by itself causes delinquency. Individual factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency include hyperactivity and low intelligence, which lead to not performing at grade level or struggles with schoolwork. Cohesion refers to the emotional attachment or bond among family members. Those who espouse the rational choice theory believe that the individual is responsible for himself, and blame can't be put on other environmental factors.
Among these risk factors are birth trauma, child abuse and neglect, ineffective parental discipline, family disruptions, conduct disorder and hyperactivity in children, school failure, learning disabilities, negative peer influences, limited employment opportunities, inadequate housing, and residence in high-crime neighborhoods. Most of the issues with youth today stem from a lack of structure, love, and support. Juveniles in gangs can have access to weapons easily because their peers provides them with weapon. He found that in 90% of the cases two or more boys were involved in the crime. Another school risk factor for gang membership is that juveniles feel unsafe at school. His parents have been divorced since he was four-years-old.
Mentally handicapped and retarded children should not be ridiculed by class mates and peers. Patterns of co-operations and the indicators of the impacts are measured through the Likert Scale and Semantic Differential Scale. They are very impulsive and indulge in acts at the spur of the moment. Young people are especially vulnerable in their early teen years and subject to a great deal of peer pressure to conform to certain values, norms and behaviors. Many in the society believe that punishment should be exemplary so that others will not dare to commit it.
The teachers of reformatory schools should also keep in mind to act as substitutes of good, warm and understanding parents and help the children to generate a sense of security and involvement. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a survey in 2011 on risk behavior of youths and found out that 16. Meaning of Juvenile Delinquency 3. Property theft and vandalism result in high costs in the public and private sector. All kinds of delinquents should not be treated identically, in a group or and should not be given similar rehabilitation facilities. Juvenile offenders range in age from 12 to 17 years, and become incarcerated for a variety of reasons. In contrast, most homicides are single events committed in the 19-24 age range.
The results, thus, did not show any significant difference between the I. Retrieved 2 September, 2003 from the World Wide Web: Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. One critique of the Kaplan theory notes that it is based primarily on the assumption that people want to feel good about themselves and will engage in behavior that will boost their self-esteem. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Divorce and remarriage are quite common in the Western countries and urban areas.
Some kids are pushed into committing crimes by their friends. Increase of population without proportionate increase of space and other living conditions is one of the major causes of rise in delinquency. By being engaged in work and earning some money during the training period, they can be normalized and can also adjust with the main stream. One possibility is to raise the minimum age for referral to the adult court to 21 or 24, so that fewer offenders would be dealt with in the adult system. In fact, the break-up of the parents' relation really affects children's psychology and behavior especially in their early infancy. The causal status of known risk factors remains to be clarified, and no single risk factor can explain juvenile delinquency. People migrate from one place to another for the development of their overall living standard and to enhance their social position.
But bad companionship is not the only cause of delinquency unless there are some defects in the character formation of the individual. Comments comments My son has been struggling lately, and gotten into a little trouble with the law requiring a juvenile remedial course. Family environment as a predictor of adolescent delinquency. Being optimistic, it will be cured by individual efforts and these kind of steps by Government. Family can make or break the personality of the children. They should not be hurt emotionally.
They also face a difficulty in scheduling time with their parents and the adjustment to new influences when their biological parents remarry. Peer group rejection and deviant peer in school and workplace have pressure on youngsters and create stress over their minds which lead youngsters to delinquency. The Department of Education reports that youth are most likely to commit crimes between 2 pm and 8 pm. Poverty is, therefore, a contributing cause of delinquency, although it is not the sole cause. Parenting styles: Defects in parenting styles include neglectfulness, authoritarian approach and harshness. Sometimes parents are seen complaining that their child became a delinquent by mixing in bad company.
Family: Family is the basic socialization agency for the children. When young people experience rejection by their peers, some react by seeking out deviant peers in order to be accepted by people their own age. Denver's sample includes 1,527 youth 806 boys and 721 girls who were 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15 years old when data collection commenced in 1988. Article Tools Juvenile Delinquency: Cause and Effect By Ray E. Migration is considered to be one of the important strategies for the progress and development of rural poor. Broken Homes: British and American investigations reveal that nearly 50% of the delinquents come from broken homes. It is, therefore, imperative that the readjustment problem of delinquents should be dealt very sincerely and effectively.