Its final leg enabled it to meet another line, constructed 1907—1911, running from Baro, through Minnia, to Kano. His political platform called for economic and educational development, Africanization of the civil service, and self-government for Lagos. The territory of the Royal Niger Company became the , and the Company itself became a private corporation which continued to do business in Nigeria. The transfer of responsibility for budgetary management from the central to the regional governments in 1954 accelerated the pace of public spending on services and on development projects. Labor, Wages, and Riots Conclusion: Violence and Political Culture Notes Bibliography Index.
A third of the people associated with an 1842 riverine expedition died. The similarity between the federal and regional constitutions was deceptive, however, and the conduct of public affairs reflected wide differences among the regions. Gold was a major resource in Nigeria. Nigerian elites effectively adapted the role they had long played since the days of the slave trade: middlemen between the resources of Nigeria and traders and others from the West who wanted slaves and minerals. The British took an interest in Nigeria because of its resources.
During his six-year tenure as High Commissioner, as he became in 1901 was occupied with transforming the commercial sphere of influence inherited from the Royal Niger Company into a viable territorial unit under effective British political control. Britain changed and impacted on many aspects in Nigeria such as religion, education, economy and others. In 1794 the African Association in Great Britain commissioned , an intrepid Scottish physician and naturalist, to search for the headwaters of the Niger and follow the river downstream. The was organised in the late 1940s by a small group of Western-educated Northern Nigerians. Official graft needs to be tackled headlong.
As I stated before, everything was in the British favor. As a result of a meeting of European powers in Berlin in 1884, the interior of Africa was divided into colonial possessions of European countries. These grievances are sometimes expressed through bitter political complaints, through sectarian crises stoked by political elites and incendiary media rhetoric, and through violent insurgencies. In the long term, the acceptance of Christianity by large numbers of Nigerians depended on the various denominations adapting to local conditions. The amalgamation was an act of colonial convenience.
The good that the British did was helping the Nigerians with health, agriculture, and education, schools. British expansion accelerated in the last decades of the nineteenth century. Examples of Yoruba kingdoms include the Oyo kingdom, Ijesha, Ilesa, Ijebu, Abeokuta, etc. The countries were competing to have a larger empire. For instance, the Oyomesi kingmakers may compel the king to open calabash it is an order to commit suicide if the king is dictatorial and arbitrary in rulling the people. As more people in Africa were converting to Christianity, many of them became missionaries influencing others to do the same.
These scholars were opponents of colonization as an idea, because Nigeria would become dependent of the British and their resources. The Colonial Office approved most of Lugard's plan, but balked at authorising him to pass laws without their approval. They believed that they would receive cheap or free raw materials. As a further step toward independence, the Governor's Executive Council was merged with the Council of Ministers in 1957 to form the all-Nigerian Federal Executive Council. Regardless, slavery had decimated the population and fuelled militarisation and chaos, thereby paving the way for more aggressive colonisation. Furthermore, the political structures such as the legislative, the judiciary and the executive, as well as the concepts such as democracy, federalism, rule of law and fundamental human rights, helped Nigeria become one political entity.
The Company received £865,000 compensation for the loss of its Charter. While initially organised for professional and fraternal reasons, these were centres of educated people who had chances to develop their leadership skills in the organisations, as well as form broad social networks. As you read through this paper, you will discover the true horror of what colonialism is and how it strips the souls of the people in it. Nigeria is a federal constitutional government. Their scepticism about the correctness of such conflicting standards persisted into the early twentieth century. The desperate advancement of religious solutions to socioeconomic and political problems has deepened social fissures and spawned extremist and violent insurgencies such as the ongoing Boko Haram Islamist terrorist campaign, which has killed and maimed Christians and Muslims alike.
Though advancement and technology is finding its way to Africa slowly but surely, massive poverty and disease linger and looks as though it will remain for decades to come. They helped to protect the life and properties as well as preventing the community from both internal and external aggression. In Hinduism people are classified under something called a caste system. A detachment of the all-powerful British Navy, the West African naval squadron, was stationed in West African waters to patrol along the coastline and to intercept any slave ships or vessels equipped for the slave trade, and to bring slave vessels captured for trial before British controlled courts in Freetown. Out of reverence for traditional kingship, for instance, the Oba of Benin, whose office was closely identified with Edo religion, was accepted as the sponsor of a Yoruba political movement. Other tribes had certain beliefs they were accustomed to.
By 1826—1850 the British was intervening significantly with Lagos slave exports. Nigerians traded materials such as palm oil, cotton, rubber, and tropical wood for expensive British things such as guns, clothes, and metal tools. By the 1880s, the National African Company became the dominant commercial power, increasing from 19 to 39 stations between 1882 and 1893. Ecological exploration The colonization of Nigeria dates back to 1959. Much of the human trafficking which occurred there was nominally illegal, and records from this time and place are not comprehensive. More importantly, Aare Ona Kakanfo is expected to commit suicide if he losses any battle which means he must not be defeated at the war front. But by providing for comparable regional governments exercising broad legislative powers, which could not be overridden by the newly established 185-seat federal House of Representatives, the Macpherson Constitution also gave a significant boost to regionalism.
The federal government retained specified powers, including responsibility for banking, currency, external affairs, defence, shipping and navigation and communications, but real political power was centred in the regions. The British Government also helped to write peace treaties amongst tribes. Inconsistencies in British policy reinforced existing cleavages based on regional animosities, as the British tried both to preserve the indigenous cultures of each area and to introduce modern technology, and Western political and social concepts. From these readings you can not only gain some additional understanding of British ideas but you will also gain a lot of insight into who the Igbo were and how they saw themselves as a people. With these chiefs, Oba can exercise judicial, legislative and executive power particularly over serious cases like land dispute, crimes etc. Shey you don hear, abeg no thief our contents o! Many things changed: politics, religion, culture, economy.