By suggesting that the soul is the creation of a higher power, the line reinforces the theme of the unconquerable by associating the soul with the interminable. Second Stanza There is an interesting start to this second quatrain - fell clutch is delicious wording for the reader's tongue and basically means cruel grasp, the speaker stating clearly that despite being tightly held, in an awful situation, they didn't once give in or show signs of weakness. In that way, your soul if free of the oppression your body might be subjected to, and you are free to live by your own standards, despite the circumstances. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds, and shall find me, unafraid. Invictus does contain passion and defiance and it is easy to see just why so many use the powerful lines to drum up courage and to shed light into the darker corners when all else fails. The poet is describing someone who has had a hard life. It was the number 4 poem in the book.
It is quite easy for the reader to picture a night that is completely dark. But thank you for your offer. Soon after due to infection he was told he had to have the other leg amputated, but he enrolled the services of an eminent physician, Dr. The lines of this poem may require deep focus on the one true meaning of the poem. When physicians informed him that he must undergo a similar operation on the other leg, he enlisted the services of Dr.
Coming back to the interpretation and focusing on the title, which has a great contribution to the interpretation, Invictus, means unconquerable. He had to write the poem to encourage himself. Sol Invictus means the Invincible Sun. They have encountered many troubles and circumstances, but have never given up pushing through them. Flora 15 Still, another idea looms: can there be more to Invictus than a cripple overcoming his medical frailty? They became friends and corresponded on a regular basis.
Note the use of enjambment in the first three stanzas, where one line continues meaning into the next without punctuation. It's not quite prayer but it is grateful thanks. Nutt, 1900 , among others. The surname Hamilton Bruce is sometimes spelled with a hyphen Hamilton-Bruce. Black as the Pit from pole to pole,. They are the master of their fate, and the captain of their soul. He is the author of A Song of Speed D.
Notice here that he is not concerned in any way about an afterlife. The 'Horror of the shade' could be some hellish place of dark where depression lies, a menacing thought. Lister, whose name was the inspiration behind Listerine, the first antiseptic mouthwash, was eventually able to eliminate the infection and save Henley's leg. One can still hold on to his or her dignity despite the ugly condition on ground. Breakdown Analysis of Invictus In the first stanza, the speaker immediately sets the stage for his reader.
Henley himself faced such a test. Henley with his missing leg and braggadocio, was also the inspiration for the character of Long John Silver in Robert Louis Stephenson's Treasure Island, a Captain indeed. And lines three and four acknowledge that help was given somewhere, somehow, perhaps by a deity or deities, not by any named god or specific creator. The speaker implies that their unconquerable soul is a gift from a godly realm. To someone rapidly approaching death, the poem may be an affirmation of strength he will hold in the afterlife.
Nelson Mandela became President of South Africa. The poor man faced death at the hospital. The night then becomes a symbol of hopelessness, a depressive medium in which the soul is lost. Dedication: Henley dedicated the poem to Robert Thomas Hamilton Bruce 1846-1899 , a Scottish flour merchant. He had had the disease since he was very young, and his foot had been amput … ated shortly before he wrote the poem.
The speaker is coming out of a period of total darkness, a hell. It was during these traumatic months of recovery, that he wrote Invictus, which was as a result of the above trauma and also his impoverished childhood. One can use it to withstand the vicissitudes and challenges of life. Whatever they encounter in life, or whatever life throws at them, they are the 'captain of their soul;' they can manage their own life. If it is possible to have a love affair with words on a page then I am smitten! Invictus poem words remembered forever.
Following his victory, Constantine rewarded the Christian Church with state patronage, while Mithraism was strongly discouraged. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed. Focusing on the title, which has a great contribution to the interpretation, Invictus, means unconquerable. The poet, William Ernest Henley had to face a similar situation in his personal life, and this poem has been inspired by that struggle. The poem acknowledges the many things that stand in someones way, that one can be beaten down to the ground, bloody and forsaken, but none of that, no action anyone can take against you can affect you where it matters, in yo … ur soul, unless you let it. It requires an interpretation of the meaning of the words together to find the hidden information that lies between the lines.