In this Article: Citing sources using the Chicago Manual of Style is most common in the humanities, such as literature and history. Each note corresponds to a raised superscript number in the text. There she'll find your shortened reference to the Taft diary, with the page where she can read the quote in context. You may also find helpful the online. For example, the footnote contains commas to separate items like author and title, and the entire note ends with a period. Be careful to avoid accidental plagiarism. It is common for the very first footnote of a paper to be a large entry containing a summary of work related to your thesis, along with acknowledgments and thanks to supporters and co-workers.
If your instructor has no preference, use the much simpler Parenthetical Documentation in place of Footnotes or Endnotes. Our primary focus will be on the rules for footnotes, but we will provide some guidance for endnotes as well. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. Nina Baym, shorter 6th ed. Endnotes One reason to prefer endnotes over footnotes is that the latter can be a distraction from the body of your text.
Proper citations allow readers to look up the quotes and ideas you used in context, to see if they agree with your interpretation. For agencies, include the acronym in parentheses after the full name when first used, e. Some tennis experts feel that the fifth set tie breaker should be simplified due to the number of power hitters who dominate the service game. Do note that in unpublished manuscripts you are allowed to use superscript in the notes see section 14. Bibliography: Keat, Russell, and John Urry. After the first citation you need to indicate the version only if you quote from another version. If you are an academic or professional, plagiarism will result in, at best, the rejection of your manuscript, and at worst disciplinary action.
Statement of Some New Principles on the Subject of Political Economy. Book, edited without an author 6. Next, list the page number where the information can be found. In this Article: Proper citation of sources is necessary to give credit to the authors whose work informed yours, to point readers to the sources you used, and to show the breadth of your research. Berel Lang Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979 , 56. You should add entries to it every time you create a note. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.
For the Bible model footnote 15 , provide the book, followed by chapter and verse i. Endnote numbers must be superscripted. In the last two examples, the abbreviations n and nn stand for note and notes. For an article available in more than one format print, online, etc. In such complex citations you can use the abbreviations p. There is not specific standard--just be sure to make them all the same, either flush left or centered. Thanks Leanne but the page break option was greyed out if trying to insert it after the endnotes.
In such cases you can restart the numbering, beginning with 1. The number that precedes them is the page reference. If you have already cited a source once, you do not need to give full citation information for future citations of the sources. When citing the same source in quick succession, you can even leave out the title of the source: 9. The superscript number she finds in the text directs her to the appropriate spot on the numbered list that runs along the bottom of all your pages. For a shortened footnote, you don't have to include the author's full name, just their last name.
Notes use a first line indent, a bibliography uses a hanging indent. If a journal has continuous pagination within a volume, you do not need to include the issue number: 1John T. Table of Contents: The examples in this guide are meant to introduce you to the basics of citing sources using Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations seventh edition. Hartman, Journal of Women's History 12, no. Title of the website 3. The actual note is indented and can occur either as a footnote at the bottom of the page or as an endnote at the end of the paper. Finally, provide the name of the commercial site you used.
Ted Poston, A First Draft of History, ed. It is the only style used by historians. Endnotes allow readers interested in your topic to easily locate the sources that informed it so that they can read them as well. House Papers, Yale University Library New Haven, Conn. This method should always be used for endnotes; it is the preferred method for footnotes. If the information or quote you are referencing in an academic paper or book comes from a source, you will need to give your reader the necessary information to look up the information in that source.
A five-page paper may also have a cover page, two pages of notes and one page of bibliography which is nine pieces of paper. It is best to consult with your professor to determine the preferred citation style. The library subscribes to Noodlebib, a citation management tool. For the shortened footnote, you don't have to include the entire title of the work if it's long. Muse fan, Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre, St.
If the journal lists a month or a month and day of publication, include it befiore the year of publication. Emphasis If you want to emphasize part of a quote, add italics, or make any other changes you desire, you can add a quick note at the end of your citation: 5. Book, edited with an author 7. Explanatory endnotes offer additional explanatory information, especially if it seems tangential to the main idea discussed in the paper. New York: Cavendish, 1994 2546. You can usually refer to an entire website in running text without including it in your reference list, e. Though endnotes are less commonly used in student or academic papers than in-line citations or footnotes, they are quite common in books, where they make for a cleaner page.